Abstract

Improved long-wavelength transmission and supercontinuum (SC) generation is demonstrated by antireflective (AR) nanoimprinting and tapering of chalcogenide photonic crystal fibers (PCFs). Using a SC source input spanning from 1 to 4.2 μm, the total transmission of a 15 μm core diameter PCF was improved from 53% to 74% by nanoimprinting of AR structures on both input and output facets of the fiber. Through a combined effect of reduced reflection and redshifting of the spectrum to 5 μm, the relative transmission of light >3.5μm in the same fiber was increased by 60.2%. Further extension of the spectrum to 8 μm was achieved using tapered fibers. The spectral broadening dynamics and output power were investigated using different taper parameters and pulse repetition rates.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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2018 (6)

2017 (2)

2016 (2)

2014 (3)

2011 (1)

Abdel-Moneim, N.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
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[Crossref]

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I. Kubat, C. Rosenberg Petersen, U. V. Møller, A. Seddon, T. Benson, L. Brilland, D. Méchin, P. M. Moselund, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 22, 3959 (2014).
[Crossref]

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Brilland, L.

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Châtigny, S.

Chenard, F.

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Cook, G.

Cook, J.

Cozic, S.

Dupont, S.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

El Halawany, A.

Engelsholm, R. D.

Farries, M.

Fedorov, V. V.

Florea, C.

Freeman, M. J.

Fuerbach, A.

Furniss, D.

D. Jayasuriya, C. R. Petersen, D. Furniss, C. Markos, Z. Tang, Md. S. Habib, O. Bang, T. M. Benson, and A. B. Seddon, Opt. Mater. Express 9, 2617 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gibson, R.

Gorin, B. A.

Guo, K.

Habib, Md. S.

Hannesschläger, G.

N. M. Israelsen, C. R. Petersen, A. Barh, D. Jain, M. Jensen, G. Hannesschläger, P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, C. Pedersen, A. Podoleanu, and O. Bang, Light Sci. Appl. 8, 11 (2019).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

Hu, T.

Hudson, D. D.

Huot, L.

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[Crossref]

Ifarraguerri, A. I.

Islam, M. N.

Israelsen, N. M.

N. M. Israelsen, C. R. Petersen, A. Barh, D. Jain, M. Jensen, G. Hannesschläger, P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, C. Pedersen, A. Podoleanu, and O. Bang, Light Sci. Appl. 8, 11 (2019).
[Crossref]

Jackson, S. D.

Jain, D.

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[Crossref]

N. M. Israelsen, C. R. Petersen, A. Barh, D. Jain, M. Jensen, G. Hannesschläger, P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, C. Pedersen, A. Podoleanu, and O. Bang, Light Sci. Appl. 8, 11 (2019).
[Crossref]

Jakobsen, M. H.

Janiszewski, B.

Jayasuriya, D.

Jensen, M.

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

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Lloyd, G. R.

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Lotz, M. R.

Maksymiuk, L.

Markos, C.

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Martyshkin, D. V.

Maynard, R. L.

McDaniel, S.

Mechin, D.

Méchin, D.

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Messaddeq, Y.

Miklos, F.

Mirov, S. B.

Møller, U.

C. R. Petersen, P. M. Moselund, C. Petersen, U. Møller, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 24, 749 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Møller, U. V.

Moselund, P. M.

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Napier, B.

Needham, J.

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N. M. Israelsen, C. R. Petersen, A. Barh, D. Jain, M. Jensen, G. Hannesschläger, P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, C. Pedersen, A. Podoleanu, and O. Bang, Light Sci. Appl. 8, 11 (2019).
[Crossref]

Petersen, C.

Petersen, C. R.

N. M. Israelsen, C. R. Petersen, A. Barh, D. Jain, M. Jensen, G. Hannesschläger, P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, C. Pedersen, A. Podoleanu, and O. Bang, Light Sci. Appl. 8, 11 (2019).
[Crossref]

D. Jayasuriya, C. R. Petersen, D. Furniss, C. Markos, Z. Tang, Md. S. Habib, O. Bang, T. M. Benson, and A. B. Seddon, Opt. Mater. Express 9, 2617 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. R. Lotz, C. R. Petersen, C. Markos, O. Bang, M. H. Jakobsen, and R. Taboryski, Optica 5, 557 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, N. Prtljaga, M. Farries, J. Ward, B. Napier, G. R. Lloyd, J. Nallala, N. Stone, and O. Bang, Opt. Lett. 43, 999 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, P. M. Moselund, L. Huot, L. Hooper, and O. Bang, Infrared Phys. Technol. 91, 182 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, R. D. Engelsholm, C. Markos, L. Brilland, C. Caillaud, J. Trolès, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 25, 15336 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, P. M. Moselund, C. Petersen, U. Møller, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 24, 749 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pierce, L. E.

Plant, G.

Pleau, L.-P.

Podoleanu, A.

N. M. Israelsen, C. R. Petersen, A. Barh, D. Jain, M. Jensen, G. Hannesschläger, P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, C. Pedersen, A. Podoleanu, and O. Bang, Light Sci. Appl. 8, 11 (2019).
[Crossref]

Poulain, S.

Prtljaga, N.

Ramsay, J.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Reed, J. M.

Richardson, M. C.

Riggins, A.

Robichaud, L.-R.

Rochette, M.

Rosenberg Petersen, C.

Sanghera, J.

Sanghera, J. S.

Schepler, K. L.

Seddon, A.

I. Kubat, C. Rosenberg Petersen, U. V. Møller, A. Seddon, T. Benson, L. Brilland, D. Méchin, P. M. Moselund, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 22, 3959 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Seddon, A. B.

Shah, L.

Shaw, B.

Shaw, L. B.

Sidharthan, R.

Sincore, A.

Stone, N.

Sujecki, S.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Taboryski, R.

Tan, F.

Tang, Z.

D. Jayasuriya, C. R. Petersen, D. Furniss, C. Markos, Z. Tang, Md. S. Habib, O. Bang, T. M. Benson, and A. B. Seddon, Opt. Mater. Express 9, 2617 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Terry, F. L.

Théberge, F.

Tidemand-Lichtenberg, P.

N. M. Israelsen, C. R. Petersen, A. Barh, D. Jain, M. Jensen, G. Hannesschläger, P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, C. Pedersen, A. Podoleanu, and O. Bang, Light Sci. Appl. 8, 11 (2019).
[Crossref]

Toupin, P.

Troles, J.

Trolès, J.

Vallée, R.

Ward, J.

Weiblen, R. J.

Woyessa, G.

Yoo, S.

Zhai, T.

Zhou, B.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Infrared Phys. Technol. (1)

C. R. Petersen, P. M. Moselund, L. Huot, L. Hooper, and O. Bang, Infrared Phys. Technol. 91, 182 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

N. M. Israelsen, C. R. Petersen, A. Barh, D. Jain, M. Jensen, G. Hannesschläger, P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, C. Pedersen, A. Podoleanu, and O. Bang, Light Sci. Appl. 8, 11 (2019).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Optica (2)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Principle of fiber nanoimprinting using a heated Ni mold. (b) SEM image of the PCF prior to imprinting. (c) SEM image of the imprinted core and air-clad region. (d) High-magnification SEM of the imprinted structures in the core.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Comparison between the input spectrum (orange) and the nonimprinted (red), output imprinted (purple), and two-face imprinted (blue) output spectra, respectively. (b) Microscope image of the ZBLAN to PCF butt-coupling, revealing scattered light from diffraction caused by the imprinted structure. (c), (d) Output beam profile of the (c) nonimprinted and (d) imprinted fiber. Note that log scale was used on the intensity axis to better visualize the air cladding.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) FTIR spectra of the long-wavelength edge obtained for tapers A–E for a pump power of 270 mW . The corresponding measured total output power and power > 3.5 μm (brackets) is indicated in the legend (* = estimated). (b) Stitched total output spectrum for taper E using 350 mW pump power and generating a 41 mW continuum with a 20 dB bandwidth from 1.07–7.94 μm.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Spectral broadening in taper E with increasing output power (brackets, power > 3.5 μm ). (b) Output power degradation in Taper C during 116.5 h testing.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Measured Transmission ( T = P out / P in ) of Nonimprinted and Two-Face Imprinted PCFs a

Tables Icon

Table 2. Core Diameter and Length Parameters for Tapers A–E

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