Abstract

Here we investigate the Bloch oscillations (BOs) in a photonic spectral lattice created with four-wave mixing Bragg scattering (FWM-BS). By injecting a signal and two pumps with different frequencies into a silicon nitride waveguide, a spectral lattice can be created for the generated idlers through successive FWM-BS. The phase-mismatch during FWM-BS acts as an effective force that induces BOs in the spectral lattice. Both the oscillation period and amplitude are determined by the magnitude of the effective force. With cascaded FWM-BS processes, the spectrum of idlers experiences a directional shift as the phase differences of pumps are modulated. Additionally, introducing long-range couplings in the spectral lattice will change the trajectory of BOs within each period. The pattern of BOs for a single frequency input can also be tailored. This Letter provides a new platform to realize BOs in the frequency dimension and paves a promising way for broadband frequency control with all-optical schemes.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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