Abstract

We show that elongating a tightly focused field in the direction perpendicular to the optical axis is possible. We demonstrate our approach by specially shaping the Pancharatnam–Berry (PB) phase. Moreover, the analytical formulae required to calculate the strength vectors and energy flux of the three-dimensional electromagnetic fields near the focus of an aplanatic optical system are derived using the Richards and Wolf vectorial diffraction methods. Calculations reveal that the transverse enhancement is controllable and depend on the phase index in the PB phase, thereby giving rise to a focus with tunable length and subwavelength width in the focal plane.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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