Abstract

An optically controlled system for generating and continuously steering radio frequency (RF) signals with double orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The optical carrier’s utilization efficiency can be doubled through the distinct electro-optical modulation, which is based on two single-sideband modulation operations on a single optical carrier through a customized dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder modulator. A constructive antenna phase feeding method of a circular antenna array for collectively forming and steering an OAM radio beam is proposed and illustrated. A proof-of-concept experiment is conducted to generate and steer a dual-mode RF-OAM beam to two different two-dimensional (2D) directions, independently and simultaneously. One 17 GHz OAM beam with mode L=1 is continuously steered to 2D directions (:, 0°, 0°), (:, 0°, 1.70°), (:, 0°, 3.87°), (:, 0°, 6.17°), and(:, 0°, 7.80°), with vortex properties, where “:” means “any value of.” Meanwhile, the 19 GHz OAM beam with mode L=1 carried is steered from (:, 0°, 0°) to (:, 0°, 6.72°), and the constellations are obtained successfully.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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