Abstract

In this Letter, a new approach to fabricating a high-efficiency vertical-structured InGaN micro-pixelated light-emitting diode (μVLED) is presented. The high-resistivity selective areas are intentionally created in the n-GaN layer through a fluorine (F) ion-implantation process and then used as the electrical isolation regions for realizing a μVLED array consisting of 25×25 pixels with a diameter of 10 μm. The results prove that the dual-energy F ion implantations not only can improve the uniformity of carrier distribution but also can effectively prevent current from leaking along the etched sidewalls, which in turn realize a more efficient carrier injection into the mesa area. More notably, the current-handling capability and corresponding optical output power density of the μVLED array are substantially higher than those of conventional vertical-structured broad-area LEDs. A measured output light power density of the F ion-implanted μVLED array reaches a maximum value of 43Wcm2 at 3.06kAcm2, before power saturation. The improved luminescence performances of the μVLED array can be attributed to an effective ion-induced heat relaxation and associated lower junction temperature.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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