Abstract

This study describes the detection of CO2 using macroporous silicon photonic crystals as thermal emitters. It demonstrates that the reduction of structural nonhomogeneities leads to an improvement of the photonic crystals’ emission. Narrow emission bands (Q120) located within the R-branch of carbon dioxide were achieved. Measurements were made using a deuterated triglycine sulfate photodetector and the photonic crystals, heated to 400°C, as selective emitters. A gas cell with a CO2 concentration between 0 ppm and 10,000 ppm was installed in the center. Results show high sensibility and selectivity that could be used in current nondispersive infrared devices for improving their features. These results open the door to narrowband emission in the mid-infrared for spectroscopic gas detection.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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