Abstract

An angle-insensitive dual-functional resonator composed of a compound metallic grating is proposed and characterized numerically. The resonator exhibits different response characteristics for TE and TM polarization, thus enabling two functions, corresponding to a high-sensitivity sensor and a low Q-factor absorber. For TE polarization, the Q-factor, refractive index sensitivity, and figure of merit of the resonator can reach 283.4, 2577.6 nm/RIU, and 181.5RIU1, respectively, due to the excitation of cavity mode resonance. For TM polarization, the resonator can be regarded as an absorber with high absorptivity (>97%) based on magnetic resonance. Accordingly, these two mechanisms can be explained well by the waveguide theory and inductor-capacitor circuit model. The electromagnetic fields in the system can be selectively concentrated in the cavity or slit by simply adjusting the polarization angle, exhibiting unique energy localization characteristics. The resonator can also exhibit polarization-sensitive behavior due to the different bandwidths for the same wavelength. This simple structure provides a good paradigm for designing high-performance multi-functional devices.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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