Abstract

The refractive indices of photoresists used for direct laser writing (DLW) have been determined after exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. However, it was anticipated that the refractive index will differ when applying a two-photon polymerization (TPP) process. In this Letter, we demonstrate that this is indeed the case. Making use of a guided mode coupling approach, we measure the dispersive real part of the refractive index (n) of a commercial photoresist (IP-Dip, Nanoscribe) at very high accuracy. Additionally, the imaginary part of the refractive index (k) is determined from absorption measurements for wavelengths in the range 300 to 1700 nm. TPP layers exhibit a significantly lower refractive index than their UV exposed bulk counterparts (Δn up to 0.01). Furthermore, when fabricating a TPP shell and UV exposing the interior, the refractive index of the shell will not change. This is an important consideration for optical component design and opens the possibility for low refractive index difference wave guiding.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Post-print UV curing method for improving the mechanical properties of prototypes derived from two-photon lithography

James S. Oakdale, Jianchao Ye, William L. Smith, and Juergen Biener
Opt. Express 24(24) 27077-27086 (2016)

Direct laser writing for micro-optical devices using a negative photoresist

Naoto Tsutsumi, Junichi Hirota, Kenji Kinashi, and Wataru Sakai
Opt. Express 25(25) 31539-31551 (2017)

Three-dimensional direct laser writing inspired by stimulated-emission-depletion microscopy [Invited]

Joachim Fischer and Martin Wegener
Opt. Mater. Express 1(4) 614-624 (2011)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (5)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (1)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (2)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription