Abstract

Fields containing polarization singularities normally do not host all the Stokes vortices. For example, fields with S12 Stokes vortices (C-points, V-points) in general do not contain S23 Stokes vortices (Poincare vortices). In this paper, we demonstrate for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, synthesis of a structured field that hosts all three Stokes vortices, namely, S12, S23, and so far unexplored S31 Stokes vortices. Only S12 Stokes fields that host C-points and V-points have been experimentally realized by many research groups. Generation of S23 Stokes fields that contain Poincare vortices have been proposed earlier but not experimentally demonstrated so far. There are no reports on the generation of S31 Stokes field containing the third set of Stokes vortices.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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