Abstract

We study the modal behavior of plane-by-plane femtosecond laser fabricated tilted fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs). The focus is on the differential strain and temperature sensitivities between the cladding mode resonances of an nth grating order and those of the (ni)th orders (with i=1n), which are collocated in the same wavelength range. Whereas the Bragg mode exhibits an axial strain sensitivity of 1.2 pm/μϵ, we experimentally show that the strain sensitivity of ultrahigh-order cladding modes is negative and at 1.99  pm/μϵ in the same spectral window. Using a finite element mode solver, the modal refractive index value is computed to be well below 1, thus confirming that these modes, in reality, are leaky modes.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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