Abstract

We demonstrate that multiple exposures of a two-component holographic photopolymer can quadruple the refractive index contrast of the material beyond the single-exposure saturation limit. Quantitative phase microscopy of isolated structures written by laser direct-write lithography is used to characterize the process. This technique reveals that multiple exposures are made possible by diffusion of the chemical components consumed during writing into the previously exposed regions. The ultimate index contrast is shown to be limited by the solubility of fresh components into the multiply exposed region.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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