Abstract

This Letter proposes a dual-reference digital holographic interferometer for analyzing the high refractive index encountered in transonic and supersonic flows. For that, a Wollaston prism is inserted in the reference arm in order to simultaneously generate two orthogonally polarized reference waves. As a consequence, recorded interferograms contain two crossed and perpendicular interference patterns that give two orders fully separated in the Fourier spectrum. It is then possible to analyze a transparent object regardless of the orientation of the refractive index gradient using the two phase maps reconstructed with each of the two first interference orders. Fusion of the phase maps yields a single phase map in which the phase singularities are removed. Experimental results demonstrate the suitability of the proposed approach for analyzing shock waves in the unsteady wake flow around a circular cylinder at Mach 0.75.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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