Abstract

In this Letter, we report on a plasmonic nano-ellipse metasurface with the purpose of trapping and two-dimensional (2D) arbitrary transport of nanoparticles by means of rotating the polarization of an excitation beam. The locations of hot spots within a metasurface are polarization dependent, thus making it possible to turn on/off the adjacent hot spots and then convey the trapped target by rotating the incident polarization state. For the case of a metasurface with a unit cell of perpendicularly orientated nano-ellipses, the hot spots with higher intensities are located at both apexes of the nano-ellipse whose major axis is parallel to the direction of polarization. When the polarization gradually rotates to its counterpart direction, the trapped particle may move around the ellipse and transfer to the most adjacent ellipse, due to the unbalanced trap potentials around the nano-ellipse. Clockwise and counterclockwise rotation would guide the particle in a different direction, which makes it possible to convey the particle arbitrarily within the plasmonic metasurface by setting a time sequence of polarization rotation. As confirmed by the three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain analysis, our design offers a novel scheme of 2D arbitrary transport with nanometer accuracy, which could be used in many on-chip optofluidic applications.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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