Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a 12-mode group (21 spatial mode) cladding-pumped few-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier. The differential modal gain (DMG) is dramatically reduced by using the double cladding erbium-doped fiber (DC-EDF) with a refractive index trench structure, which helps to tightly confine all 21 spatial modes in the core and to mitigate the bending loss. Our experimental results show that the DMG gain is about 3 dB when the average signal modal gain for all 12 mode groups is up to 15 dB across the C-band. Our method of using a DC-EDF with a properly designed trench structure can be used to develop gain equalized few-mode amplifiers supporting more spatial modes.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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Supplementary Material (5)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       This video shows the evolution of the amplified signal mode (LP01) patterns in few mode erbium doped fiber amplifier when tuning the signal wavelength from 1565 nm to 1530 nm.
» Visualization 2       This video shows the evolution of the amplified signal mode (LP02) patterns in few mode erbium doped fiber amplifier when tuning the signal wavelength from 1565 nm to 1530 nm.
» Visualization 3       This video shows the evolution of the amplified signal mode (LP22) patterns in few mode erbium doped fiber amplifier when tuning the signal wavelength from 1565 nm to 1530 nm.
» Visualization 4       This video shows the evolution of the amplified signal mode (LP03) patterns in few mode erbium doped fiber amplifier when bending the DC-EDF.
» Visualization 5       This video shows the evolution of the amplified signal mode (LP41) patterns in few mode erbium doped fiber amplifier when bending the DC-EDF.

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Figures (6)

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