Abstract

We demonstrate a polarization-multiplexed, single-laser system for terahertz (THz) time-domain spectroscopy without an external delay line. The fiber laser emits two pulse trains with independently adjustable repetition rates, utilizing only one laser-active section and one pump diode. With a standard fiber-coupled THz setup and a polarization-multiplexed optical amplifier, we are able to measure transients with a spectral bandwidth of 1.5 THz and a dynamic range of 50 dB in a measurement time of 1 s. Based on the novel laser architecture, we call this new approach single-laser polarization-controlled optical sampling, or SLAPCOPS.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2017 (2)

2016 (2)

S. Krimi, J. Klier, J. Jonuscheit, G. von Freymann, R. Urbansky, and R. Beigang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 021105 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Urbanek, M. Möller, M. Eisele, S. Baierl, D. Kaplan, C. Lange, and R. Huber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 121101 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2011 (1)

R. Wilk, T. Hochrein, M. Koch, M. Mei, and R. Holzwarth, J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves 32, 596 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

B. M. Fischer, H. Helm, and P. U. Jepsen, Proc. IEEE 95, 1592 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

C. Kübler, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, S128 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Yasui, T. Yasuda, K. Sawanaka, and T. Araki, Appl. Opt. 44, 6849 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

1990 (1)

1987 (1)

Araki, T.

Baierl, S.

B. Urbanek, M. Möller, M. Eisele, S. Baierl, D. Kaplan, C. Lange, and R. Huber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 121101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Beigang, R.

S. Krimi, J. Klier, J. Jonuscheit, G. von Freymann, R. Urbansky, and R. Beigang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 021105 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Molter, F. Ellrich, T. Weinland, S. George, M. Goiran, F. Keilmann, R. Beigang, and J. Léotin, Opt. Express 18, 26163 (2010).
[Crossref]

Böttcher, J.

Dietz, R.

Dietz, R. J.

Eisele, M.

B. Urbanek, M. Möller, M. Eisele, S. Baierl, D. Kaplan, C. Lange, and R. Huber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 121101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ellrich, F.

D. Molter, M. Trierweiler, F. Ellrich, J. Jonuscheit, and G. Von Freymann, Opt. Express 25, 7547 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Molter, F. Ellrich, T. Weinland, S. George, M. Goiran, F. Keilmann, R. Beigang, and J. Léotin, Opt. Express 18, 26163 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Kolano, B. Gräf, D. Molter, F. Ellrich, and G. von Freymann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO): Applications and Technology (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM2J.3.

M. Kolano, B. Gräf, D. Molter, F. Ellrich, and G. von Freymann, in Laser Applications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper JTu2A.29.

Elzinga, P. A.

Fattinger, C.

Feder, K.

Fischer, B. M.

B. M. Fischer, H. Helm, and P. U. Jepsen, Proc. IEEE 95, 1592 (2007).
[Crossref]

George, S.

Globisch, B.

Göbel, T.

Goiran, M.

Gong, Z.

Z. Gong, X. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Liu, and Z. Zheng, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–2.

Gräf, B.

M. Kolano, B. Gräf, D. Molter, F. Ellrich, and G. von Freymann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO): Applications and Technology (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM2J.3.

M. Kolano, B. Gräf, D. Molter, F. Ellrich, and G. von Freymann, in Laser Applications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper JTu2A.29.

Grischkowsky, D.

Hellerer, T.

Helm, H.

B. M. Fischer, H. Helm, and P. U. Jepsen, Proc. IEEE 95, 1592 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hensel, H.

Herda, R.

Hochrein, T.

R. Wilk, T. Hochrein, M. Koch, M. Mei, and R. Holzwarth, J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves 32, 596 (2011).
[Crossref]

Holzwarth, R.

R. Wilk, T. Hochrein, M. Koch, M. Mei, and R. Holzwarth, J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves 32, 596 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hu, G.

Z. Gong, X. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Liu, and Z. Zheng, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–2.

Huber, R.

B. Urbanek, M. Möller, M. Eisele, S. Baierl, D. Kaplan, C. Lange, and R. Huber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 121101 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Kübler, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, S128 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jepsen, P. U.

B. M. Fischer, H. Helm, and P. U. Jepsen, Proc. IEEE 95, 1592 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

Jonuscheit, J.

D. Molter, M. Trierweiler, F. Ellrich, J. Jonuscheit, and G. Von Freymann, Opt. Express 25, 7547 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Krimi, J. Klier, J. Jonuscheit, G. von Freymann, R. Urbansky, and R. Beigang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 021105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kaplan, D.

B. Urbanek, M. Möller, M. Eisele, S. Baierl, D. Kaplan, C. Lange, and R. Huber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 121101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Keiding, S.

Keilmann, F.

Keller, U.

S. Link, D. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, Science 356, 1164 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kieu, K.

Kim, Y.

King, G. B.

Klier, J.

S. Krimi, J. Klier, J. Jonuscheit, G. von Freymann, R. Urbansky, and R. Beigang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 021105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kneisler, R. J.

Koch, M.

R. Wilk, T. Hochrein, M. Koch, M. Mei, and R. Holzwarth, J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves 32, 596 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kolano, M.

M. Kolano, B. Gräf, D. Molter, F. Ellrich, and G. von Freymann, in Laser Applications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper JTu2A.29.

M. Kolano, B. Gräf, D. Molter, F. Ellrich, and G. von Freymann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO): Applications and Technology (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM2J.3.

Kray, S.

Krimi, S.

S. Krimi, J. Klier, J. Jonuscheit, G. von Freymann, R. Urbansky, and R. Beigang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 021105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kübler, C.

C. Kübler, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, S128 (2005).
[Crossref]

Künzel, H.

Kurz, H.

Lange, C.

B. Urbanek, M. Möller, M. Eisele, S. Baierl, D. Kaplan, C. Lange, and R. Huber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 121101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Laurendeau, N. M.

Leisching, P.

Leitenstorfer, A.

C. Kübler, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, S128 (2005).
[Crossref]

Léotin, J.

Link, S.

S. Link, D. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, Science 356, 1164 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

Z. Gong, X. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Liu, and Z. Zheng, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–2.

Lytle, F. E.

Maas, D.

S. Link, D. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, Science 356, 1164 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mansuripur, M.

Mei, M.

R. Wilk, T. Hochrein, M. Koch, M. Mei, and R. Holzwarth, J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves 32, 596 (2011).
[Crossref]

Möller, M.

B. Urbanek, M. Möller, M. Eisele, S. Baierl, D. Kaplan, C. Lange, and R. Huber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 121101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Molter, D.

D. Molter, M. Trierweiler, F. Ellrich, J. Jonuscheit, and G. Von Freymann, Opt. Express 25, 7547 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Molter, F. Ellrich, T. Weinland, S. George, M. Goiran, F. Keilmann, R. Beigang, and J. Léotin, Opt. Express 18, 26163 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Kolano, B. Gräf, D. Molter, F. Ellrich, and G. von Freymann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO): Applications and Technology (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM2J.3.

M. Kolano, B. Gräf, D. Molter, F. Ellrich, and G. von Freymann, in Laser Applications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper JTu2A.29.

Nicholson, J. W.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Puppe, T.

Roehle, H.

Rusu, M.

Sartorius, B.

Sawanaka, K.

Schell, M.

Spöler, F.

Stanze, D.

Trierweiler, M.

Urbanek, B.

B. Urbanek, M. Möller, M. Eisele, S. Baierl, D. Kaplan, C. Lange, and R. Huber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 121101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Urbansky, R.

S. Krimi, J. Klier, J. Jonuscheit, G. von Freymann, R. Urbansky, and R. Beigang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 021105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Van Exter, M.

Vieweg, N.

Von Freymann, G.

D. Molter, M. Trierweiler, F. Ellrich, J. Jonuscheit, and G. Von Freymann, Opt. Express 25, 7547 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Krimi, J. Klier, J. Jonuscheit, G. von Freymann, R. Urbansky, and R. Beigang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 021105 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Kolano, B. Gräf, D. Molter, F. Ellrich, and G. von Freymann, in Laser Applications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper JTu2A.29.

M. Kolano, B. Gräf, D. Molter, F. Ellrich, and G. von Freymann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO): Applications and Technology (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM2J.3.

Waldburger, D.

S. Link, D. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, Science 356, 1164 (2017).
[Crossref]

Weinland, T.

Westbrook, P.

Wilk, R.

R. Wilk, T. Hochrein, M. Koch, M. Mei, and R. Holzwarth, J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves 32, 596 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yablon, A.

Yan, M.

Yasuda, T.

Yasui, T.

Yee, D.-S.

Zach, A.

Zhao, X.

Z. Gong, X. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Liu, and Z. Zheng, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–2.

Zheng, Z.

Z. Gong, X. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Liu, and Z. Zheng, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–2.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Krimi, J. Klier, J. Jonuscheit, G. von Freymann, R. Urbansky, and R. Beigang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 021105 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Urbanek, M. Möller, M. Eisele, S. Baierl, D. Kaplan, C. Lange, and R. Huber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 121101 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves (1)

R. Wilk, T. Hochrein, M. Koch, M. Mei, and R. Holzwarth, J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves 32, 596 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. IEEE (1)

B. M. Fischer, H. Helm, and P. U. Jepsen, Proc. IEEE 95, 1592 (2007).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

S. Link, D. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, Science 356, 1164 (2017).
[Crossref]

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

C. Kübler, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, S128 (2005).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

M. Kolano, B. Gräf, D. Molter, F. Ellrich, and G. von Freymann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO): Applications and Technology (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM2J.3.

M. Kolano, B. Gräf, D. Molter, F. Ellrich, and G. von Freymann, in Laser Applications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper JTu2A.29.

Z. Gong, X. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Liu, and Z. Zheng, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–2.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic setup of the SLAPCOPS laser using only one pump diode and one laser-active section.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Schematic diagram of the experimental setup for THz-TDS with a SLAPCOPS system.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Optical spectra measured at the output of the amplifier. (b), (c) Corresponding sech 2 -fitted intensity autocorrelation signals of the optical pulses. The red trace indicates the amplified signal from ring 1, and the black trace indicates the amplified signal from ring 2.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. THz transient (upper graph) and spectrum (lower graph) obtained with the SLAPCOPS system with a measurement rate of 40 Hz and an averaging time of 1 s.

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