Abstract

To improve the optical performance of the conformal white light-emitting diodes (LEDs), previous studies mainly focus on the phosphor structures design by simulations and experiments methods. However, one of the most critical parameters, i.e., the height of chips, is barely studied. In this study, we have experimentally investigated the effect of the flip-chip height on the optical performance of conformal white LEDs. The results show that larger chip height can cause lower radiant power and luminous flux, while wider viewing angles can be achieved. By selecting a suitable chip height of 200 μm, superior color uniformity for white LEDs can be obtained with only 168 K correlated color temperature (ΔCCT). This study can provide a new perspective to improve the color uniformity without changing the phosphor structures or using special scattering elements; moreover, it can facilitate the selection of a proper chip height, considering different illumination requirements. Further investigations on the chip height considering packaging structures are still necessary to improve the luminous flux and the color uniformity simultaneously.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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