Abstract

A front polarizer-free optically rewritable (ORW) liquid crystal display (LCD) has been made via a hybrid alignment configuration with dye-doped LCs. The hybrid structure consists of one optically active planar and one optically passive homeotropic alignment layer. The rewritability of the device is achieved by photo-reorienting the azo dye molecules in the active planar alignment layer. The dye is doped in LCs to function as a polarizer by following the LCs’ direction via a guest-host effect so that the front polarizer can be eliminated. This makes the device more compact and easier to operate for image erasing and rewriting. The image rewriting time only requires 9.0  s, which is determined by the exposure energy and LC parameters. The hybrid-mode dye-doped ORW LCD devices could find applications in E-paper, transparent display, and various photonics devices.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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