Abstract

Manipulating the coupling coefficient at subwavelength scales provides an additional degree of freedom in designing integrated Bragg gratings. We demonstrate asymmetric contradirectional couplers (contra-DCs) using sidewall-corrugated subwavelength grating (SWG) waveguides for broadband add–drop Bragg filters. We show that a SWG can effectively increase the overlap of coupled modes and thus the photonic band gap. The measured spectra show good agreement with the prediction of photonic band structure simulations. A record bandwidth of 4.07 THz (33.4 nm) has been achieved experimentally. A four-port Bragg resonating filter made of a phase-shifted Bragg grating SWG contra-DC is also demonstrated for narrow-band (near 100 GHz) filtering. All these devices are achieved on the 220-nm silicon-on-insulator platform with a compact length of less than 150 μm. These large stopband filters may find important applications such as band splitting, reconfigurable channel band switching, bandwidth-tunable filtering, and dispersion engineering.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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