Abstract

To completely clarify the spectral responses of linear grating filters (LGFs) under full-conical incidence (where the incident plane is parallel to the linear grating bars), a bandstop LGF is implemented on an HfO2-on-silicon platform, and its spectral responses are comprehensively investigated. The measured spectra agree well with the simulated outcomes. For the TM- (or TE-) polarized wave under full-conical incidence, there exists a pair of resonance bands, whose spectral features differ significantly from each other. One resonance band has a high angular tolerance and is capable of accommodating divergent waves, whereas the other band presents a tunable spectral linewidth and can be used to achieve an ultra-high Q-factor. In particular, it is demonstrated that all of the resonance bands under full-conical incidence are degenerate regardless of what the value of the incident angle is. Our investigations reveal interesting spectral attributes of LGFs under full-conical incidence, which are highly beneficial for developing new filtering devices.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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