Abstract

We report an all-solid large-mode-area (LMA) step-index fiber offering high absorption and low core numerical aperture (NA) by introducing a highly ytterbium-doped P:Al core and germanium-doped cladding. The fiber provides core absorption of 1200  dB/m at 976 nm with a low 0.07 core NA, due to the raised Ge cladding. Furthermore, matched profiles of P and Al across the core are successfully obtained with high concentration of Yb2O3 around 0.4 mol%. The fiber characteristics are routinely achievable by conventional modified chemical vapor deposition with a solution doping technique. A highly efficient laser with >100  W output power, 86% slope efficiency with respect to launched pump power, and a mean M2 of 1.34 has been demonstrated using the fabricated LMA step-index fiber. We also report 80% laser slope efficiency with 58 W output power (pump power limited) within only 0.5 m of the fiber when pumped by a wavelength-stabilized laser diode.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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