Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a 10 Mbit/s free-space quantum communication link using data encoding on orthogonal Laguerre–Gaussian (LG) modes with the same azimuthal index but different radial indices. Data encoding on two LGp modes (i.e., for =0, we encode [“0”, “1”] as [p=0, p=1], and for =1, we encode [“0”, “1”] as [p=0, p=1]) is demonstrated by employing directly modulated laser diodes and helical phase holograms. The quantum symbol error rate (QSER) of <5% is achieved at an encoding rate of 10 Mbit/s. Moreover, the influence of the circle radius (R) of the receiver phase pattern on registered photon rates and QSERs is investigated. Our results show that a receiver phase pattern whose R does not match the beam size of the LG modes would induce higher cross talk between the two encoded quantum branches.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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