Abstract

In this Letter, the design, fabrication, and characterization of slow light devices using photonic crystal waveguides (PhCWs) in the mid-infrared wavelength range of 3.9–3.98 μm are demonstrated. The PhCWs are built on the silicon-on-insulator platform without undercut to leverage its well-developed fabrication process and strong mechanical robustness. Lattice shifting and thermo-optic tuning methods are utilized to manipulate the slow light region for potential spectroscopy sensing applications. Up to 20 nm wavelength shift of the slow light band edge is demonstrated. Normalized delay-bandwidth products of 0.084–0.112 are obtained as a result of dispersion engineering. From the thermo-optic characterization results, the slow light enhancement effect of thermo-optic tuning efficiency is verified by the proportional relationship between the phase shift and the group index. This work serves as a proof of concept that the slow light effect can strengthen light–matter interaction and thereby improve device performance in sensing and nonlinearity applications.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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