Abstract

In this Letter, we experimentally demonstrate a terahertz (THz) whispering gallery mode (WGM) sensor based on a sapphire WGM resonator. The fundamental mode at 129.49 GHz with a Q-factor of 4.63×103 is used to study its sensitivity to adsorbed molecules. The efficiency of our sensor to detect rhodamine 6G dye molecules in a polyvinyl alcohol matrix at room temperature has been manifested, and a detection sensitivity of 25 parts per million has been achieved. Also, we report an analytical approach based on coupled-mode theory between the waveguide mode and the spherical resonator mode to evaluate the absorption coefficient of the adsorbed molecule on the resonator. The model is modified to evaluate optical constants of materials. The results obtained have been verified by continuous-wave THz transmission results. The results are of importance in sensing, metrology, and material characterization.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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