Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate virtually lossless, filamentation-free and energy-scalable more than three-fold self-compression of mid-infrared laser pulses at 2.1 μm in a birefringent medium (β-BBO crystal), which stems from favorable interplay between the second-order cascading-enhanced self-phase modulation and anomalous group velocity dispersion. By choosing an appropriate input beam diameter and intensity, the self-compression down to sub-30 fs pulse widths with gigawatt peak power is achieved without the onset of beam filamentation and associated nonlinear losses due to the multiphoton absorption, yielding the energy throughput greater than 86%.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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