Abstract

2-step phase-shifting interferometry (PSI) is an important technology for phase retrieval due to its outstanding performance in balancing detector bandwidth, temporal resolution, and quantitative quality. The most significant difficulty in this technology should ascribe to the distortion of low spatial frequencies in the retrieved interference signals, which is caused by the imperfect background intensity estimation. In this Letter, we overcome this key difficulty by iteratively recovering the lost spectrum of interferometric signals during spatial filtering and realize truly full space-bandwidth utilization in 2-step PSI. We also use this method to reduce the necessary number of spatially matched cameras in the quadrature simultaneous phase-shifting interferometer to significantly simplify its optical setup.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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