Abstract

We report an optofluidic resonator refractive index sensor based on an integrated structure constructed by a free-space coupling architecture. It uses a symmetrical metal-cladding hollow-core waveguide and a prism to generate surface plasmon polarization. The sensor achieves very high sensitivity by coupling the core mode to ultrahigh-order modes in the waveguide layer that can obtain a refractive index of a detailed low-order value of 1×106. We demonstrate the device through infiltration of different fluids into the hollow core along an optofluidic resonator. A detection limit of 1.0×106 refractive index units has been derived from measurements. The presented method can be applied to the detection of molecular structures and biochemistry.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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