Abstract

A novel 3D photoacoustic imaging technique is experimentally demonstrated using a 64×64 element bias-sensitive crossed-electrode relaxor array. This technique allows for large 2D arrays to receive across all elements while using minimal channel counts. Hadamard-bias patterns are applied to column electrodes while signals are measured from row electrodes. Photoacoustic signals are measured from a crossed-wire phantom in an intralipid scattering medium. The Hadamard-bias-encoded imaging scheme showed a signal-to-noise (SNR) of 25.3 dB, while the single-column biasing strategy (or identity-matrix-bias pattern) showed a SNR of 8.8 dB.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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References

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A. P. Jathoul, J. Laufer, O. Ogunlade, B. Treeby, B. Cox, E. Zhang, and M. F. Lythgoe, Nat. Photonics 9, 239 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

R. J. Paproski, A. Heinmiller, K. Wachowicz, and R. J. Zemp, Sci. Rep. 4, 5329 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Sampaleanu, P. Zhang, A. Kshirsagar, W. Moussa, and R. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 61, 266 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. K. Chee, A. Sampaleanu, D. Rishi, and R. J. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 61, 1393 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

Y. Wang, Z. Guo, L. V. Wang, T. N. Erpelding, L. Jankovic, J. L. Robert, and G. David, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 061208 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Xia, M. Chatni, K. Maslov, Z. Guo, K. Wang, M. Anastasio, and L. V. Wang, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 050506 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2009 (1)

C. E. Demore, A. W. Joyce, K. Wall, and G. R. Lockwood, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 56, 1252 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

P. Ephrat, L. Keenliside, A. Seabrook, F. S. Prato, and J. J. Carson, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 054052 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Zhang, J. Laufer, and P. Beard, Appl. Opt. 47, 561 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

X. Minghua and L. V. Wang, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 041101 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

B. Yin, D. Xing, Y. Wang, Y. Zeng, Y. Tan, and Q. Chen, Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1339 (2004).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

1982 (1)

Anastasio, M.

J. Xia, M. Chatni, K. Maslov, Z. Guo, K. Wang, M. Anastasio, and L. V. Wang, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 050506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Beard, P.

Brown, J. A.

X. Latham, C. Samson, C. Ceroici, R. J. Zemp, and J. A. Brown, IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS) (2017), pp. 1–4.

C. Ceroici, K. Latham, B. Greenlay, J. A. Brown, and R. J. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control (to be published).

Carson, J. J.

P. Ephrat, L. Keenliside, A. Seabrook, F. S. Prato, and J. J. Carson, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 054052 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ceroici, C.

C. Ceroici, K. Latham, B. Greenlay, J. A. Brown, and R. J. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control (to be published).

X. Latham, C. Samson, C. Ceroici, R. J. Zemp, and J. A. Brown, IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS) (2017), pp. 1–4.

Chatni, M.

J. Xia, M. Chatni, K. Maslov, Z. Guo, K. Wang, M. Anastasio, and L. V. Wang, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 050506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chee, R. K.

R. K. Chee, A. Sampaleanu, D. Rishi, and R. J. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 61, 1393 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Q.

B. Yin, D. Xing, Y. Wang, Y. Zeng, Y. Tan, and Q. Chen, Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1339 (2004).
[Crossref]

Coufal, H.

Cox, B.

A. P. Jathoul, J. Laufer, O. Ogunlade, B. Treeby, B. Cox, E. Zhang, and M. F. Lythgoe, Nat. Photonics 9, 239 (2015).
[Crossref]

David, G.

Y. Wang, Z. Guo, L. V. Wang, T. N. Erpelding, L. Jankovic, J. L. Robert, and G. David, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 061208 (2012).
[Crossref]

Demore, C. E.

C. E. Demore, A. W. Joyce, K. Wall, and G. R. Lockwood, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 56, 1252 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ephrat, P.

P. Ephrat, L. Keenliside, A. Seabrook, F. S. Prato, and J. J. Carson, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 054052 (2008).
[Crossref]

Erpelding, T. N.

Y. Wang, Z. Guo, L. V. Wang, T. N. Erpelding, L. Jankovic, J. L. Robert, and G. David, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 061208 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fateley, W. G.

Greenlay, B.

C. Ceroici, K. Latham, B. Greenlay, J. A. Brown, and R. J. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control (to be published).

Guo, Z.

Y. Wang, Z. Guo, L. V. Wang, T. N. Erpelding, L. Jankovic, J. L. Robert, and G. David, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 061208 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Xia, M. Chatni, K. Maslov, Z. Guo, K. Wang, M. Anastasio, and L. V. Wang, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 050506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hammaker, R. M.

Heinmiller, A.

R. J. Paproski, A. Heinmiller, K. Wachowicz, and R. J. Zemp, Sci. Rep. 4, 5329 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hu, S.

Jankovic, L.

Y. Wang, Z. Guo, L. V. Wang, T. N. Erpelding, L. Jankovic, J. L. Robert, and G. David, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 061208 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jathoul, A. P.

A. P. Jathoul, J. Laufer, O. Ogunlade, B. Treeby, B. Cox, E. Zhang, and M. F. Lythgoe, Nat. Photonics 9, 239 (2015).
[Crossref]

Joyce, A. W.

C. E. Demore, A. W. Joyce, K. Wall, and G. R. Lockwood, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 56, 1252 (2009).
[Crossref]

Keenliside, L.

P. Ephrat, L. Keenliside, A. Seabrook, F. S. Prato, and J. J. Carson, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 054052 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kshirsagar, A.

A. Sampaleanu, P. Zhang, A. Kshirsagar, W. Moussa, and R. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 61, 266 (2014).
[Crossref]

Latas, K. J.

Latham, K.

C. Ceroici, K. Latham, B. Greenlay, J. A. Brown, and R. J. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control (to be published).

Latham, X.

X. Latham, C. Samson, C. Ceroici, R. J. Zemp, and J. A. Brown, IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS) (2017), pp. 1–4.

Laufer, J.

A. P. Jathoul, J. Laufer, O. Ogunlade, B. Treeby, B. Cox, E. Zhang, and M. F. Lythgoe, Nat. Photonics 9, 239 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Zhang, J. Laufer, and P. Beard, Appl. Opt. 47, 561 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lockwood, G. R.

C. E. Demore, A. W. Joyce, K. Wall, and G. R. Lockwood, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 56, 1252 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. E. Morton and G. R. Lockwood, IEEE Symposium on Ultrasonics (2003), pp. 968–971.

Lythgoe, M. F.

A. P. Jathoul, J. Laufer, O. Ogunlade, B. Treeby, B. Cox, E. Zhang, and M. F. Lythgoe, Nat. Photonics 9, 239 (2015).
[Crossref]

Maslov, K.

J. Xia, M. Chatni, K. Maslov, Z. Guo, K. Wang, M. Anastasio, and L. V. Wang, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 050506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, S. Hu, K. Maslov, Y. Zhang, Y. Xia, and L. V. Wang, Opt. Lett. 36, 1029 (2011).
[Crossref]

Minghua, X.

X. Minghua and L. V. Wang, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 041101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Moller, U.

Mortensen, A. N.

Morton, C. E.

C. E. Morton and G. R. Lockwood, IEEE Symposium on Ultrasonics (2003), pp. 968–971.

Moussa, W.

A. Sampaleanu, P. Zhang, A. Kshirsagar, W. Moussa, and R. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 61, 266 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ogunlade, O.

A. P. Jathoul, J. Laufer, O. Ogunlade, B. Treeby, B. Cox, E. Zhang, and M. F. Lythgoe, Nat. Photonics 9, 239 (2015).
[Crossref]

Orr, E. A.

Paproski, R. J.

R. J. Paproski, A. Heinmiller, K. Wachowicz, and R. J. Zemp, Sci. Rep. 4, 5329 (2014).
[Crossref]

Paukstelis, J. V.

Prato, F. S.

P. Ephrat, L. Keenliside, A. Seabrook, F. S. Prato, and J. J. Carson, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 054052 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rishi, D.

R. K. Chee, A. Sampaleanu, D. Rishi, and R. J. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 61, 1393 (2014).
[Crossref]

Robert, J. L.

Y. Wang, Z. Guo, L. V. Wang, T. N. Erpelding, L. Jankovic, J. L. Robert, and G. David, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 061208 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sampaleanu, A.

R. K. Chee, A. Sampaleanu, D. Rishi, and R. J. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 61, 1393 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Sampaleanu, P. Zhang, A. Kshirsagar, W. Moussa, and R. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 61, 266 (2014).
[Crossref]

Samson, C.

X. Latham, C. Samson, C. Ceroici, R. J. Zemp, and J. A. Brown, IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS) (2017), pp. 1–4.

Schneider, S.

Seabrook, A.

P. Ephrat, L. Keenliside, A. Seabrook, F. S. Prato, and J. J. Carson, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 054052 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tan, Y.

B. Yin, D. Xing, Y. Wang, Y. Zeng, Y. Tan, and Q. Chen, Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1339 (2004).
[Crossref]

Treeby, B.

A. P. Jathoul, J. Laufer, O. Ogunlade, B. Treeby, B. Cox, E. Zhang, and M. F. Lythgoe, Nat. Photonics 9, 239 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wachowicz, K.

R. J. Paproski, A. Heinmiller, K. Wachowicz, and R. J. Zemp, Sci. Rep. 4, 5329 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wall, K.

C. E. Demore, A. W. Joyce, K. Wall, and G. R. Lockwood, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 56, 1252 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

J. Xia, M. Chatni, K. Maslov, Z. Guo, K. Wang, M. Anastasio, and L. V. Wang, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 050506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, L. V.

J. Xia, M. Chatni, K. Maslov, Z. Guo, K. Wang, M. Anastasio, and L. V. Wang, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 050506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. Guo, L. V. Wang, T. N. Erpelding, L. Jankovic, J. L. Robert, and G. David, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 061208 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, S. Hu, K. Maslov, Y. Zhang, Y. Xia, and L. V. Wang, Opt. Lett. 36, 1029 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Minghua and L. V. Wang, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 041101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, Z. Guo, L. V. Wang, T. N. Erpelding, L. Jankovic, J. L. Robert, and G. David, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 061208 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, S. Hu, K. Maslov, Y. Zhang, Y. Xia, and L. V. Wang, Opt. Lett. 36, 1029 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Yin, D. Xing, Y. Wang, Y. Zeng, Y. Tan, and Q. Chen, Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1339 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wright, S. L.

Xia, J.

J. Xia, M. Chatni, K. Maslov, Z. Guo, K. Wang, M. Anastasio, and L. V. Wang, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 050506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xia, Y.

Xing, D.

B. Yin, D. Xing, Y. Wang, Y. Zeng, Y. Tan, and Q. Chen, Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1339 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yin, B.

B. Yin, D. Xing, Y. Wang, Y. Zeng, Y. Tan, and Q. Chen, Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1339 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zemp, R.

A. Sampaleanu, P. Zhang, A. Kshirsagar, W. Moussa, and R. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 61, 266 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zemp, R. J.

R. K. Chee, A. Sampaleanu, D. Rishi, and R. J. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 61, 1393 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. J. Paproski, A. Heinmiller, K. Wachowicz, and R. J. Zemp, Sci. Rep. 4, 5329 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Latham, C. Samson, C. Ceroici, R. J. Zemp, and J. A. Brown, IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS) (2017), pp. 1–4.

C. Ceroici, K. Latham, B. Greenlay, J. A. Brown, and R. J. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control (to be published).

Zeng, Y.

B. Yin, D. Xing, Y. Wang, Y. Zeng, Y. Tan, and Q. Chen, Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1339 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhang, E.

A. P. Jathoul, J. Laufer, O. Ogunlade, B. Treeby, B. Cox, E. Zhang, and M. F. Lythgoe, Nat. Photonics 9, 239 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Zhang, J. Laufer, and P. Beard, Appl. Opt. 47, 561 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, P.

A. Sampaleanu, P. Zhang, A. Kshirsagar, W. Moussa, and R. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 61, 266 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control (3)

R. K. Chee, A. Sampaleanu, D. Rishi, and R. J. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 61, 1393 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Sampaleanu, P. Zhang, A. Kshirsagar, W. Moussa, and R. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 61, 266 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. E. Demore, A. W. Joyce, K. Wall, and G. R. Lockwood, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 56, 1252 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Biomed. Opt. (3)

Y. Wang, Z. Guo, L. V. Wang, T. N. Erpelding, L. Jankovic, J. L. Robert, and G. David, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 061208 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Xia, M. Chatni, K. Maslov, Z. Guo, K. Wang, M. Anastasio, and L. V. Wang, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 050506 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Ephrat, L. Keenliside, A. Seabrook, F. S. Prato, and J. J. Carson, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 054052 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. P. Jathoul, J. Laufer, O. Ogunlade, B. Treeby, B. Cox, E. Zhang, and M. F. Lythgoe, Nat. Photonics 9, 239 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

B. Yin, D. Xing, Y. Wang, Y. Zeng, Y. Tan, and Q. Chen, Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1339 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

X. Minghua and L. V. Wang, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 041101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

R. J. Paproski, A. Heinmiller, K. Wachowicz, and R. J. Zemp, Sci. Rep. 4, 5329 (2014).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

C. E. Morton and G. R. Lockwood, IEEE Symposium on Ultrasonics (2003), pp. 968–971.

X. Latham, C. Samson, C. Ceroici, R. J. Zemp, and J. A. Brown, IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS) (2017), pp. 1–4.

C. Ceroici, K. Latham, B. Greenlay, J. A. Brown, and R. J. Zemp, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control (to be published).

Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       3D reconstruction of two 17.8 μm diameter crossed wires in scattering medium using Hadamard-encoded bias sequence with 2D relaxor array.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Diagram of the experimental setup.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Experimental XZ-plane photoacoustic reconstruction of two crossed wires in an optical scattering medium using (a) identity-matrix-bias sequence (no encoding) and (b) Hadamard-bias sequence encoding.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Experimental YZ-plane photoacoustic reconstruction of two crossed wires in an optical scattering medium using (a) identity-matrix-bias sequence (no encoding) and (b) Hadamard-bias sequence encoding.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. 3D reconstruction of crossed wires in a scattering medium using (a) identity-matrix-bias sequence (no encoding) and (b) Hadamard-bias encoding (see Visualization 1).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Summary of Imaging Results

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

G(t)=[g00(t)g10(t)gN0(t)g01(t)g11(t)gN1(t)g0B(t)g1B(t)gNB(t)].
gib(t)=xi0(t)h0(b)+xiN(t)hN(b).
X(t)=G(t)H1.