Abstract

A three-dimensional (3D) volumetric display has been the goal of the display research field for many years. However, volumetric displays capable of rendering multicolor and updatable graphics that users can view with the naked eye are still a challenge. Here, we show a new volumetric display using three-dimensionally structured fluorescent voxels. The fluorescent voxels were generated by two-photon excitation with a femtosecond laser. To realize colorization, volumetric graphics were spatially rendered on a fluorescent screen in which structured voxels having different luminescent colors were arranged in each layer. The color of the fluorescent voxels was changed by a holographic color switching method using computer-generated holograms displayed on a liquid-crystal spatial light modulator. Because this display employed RGB fluorescent voxels that are accessed optically, it has a number of advantages, such as being observable with the naked eye, and being capable of multicolor rendering and refreshable graphics. This technology will open up a wide range of applications in 3D displays, augmented reality, and computer graphics.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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References

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2018 (1)

D. E. Samalley, E. Nygaard, K. Squire, J. Van Wagoner, J. Rasmussen, S. Gneiting, K. Qaderi, J. Goodsell, W. Rogers, M. Lindsey, K. Costner, A. Monk, M. Pearson, B. Haymore, and J. Peatross, Nature 553, 486 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

K. Kumagai, S. Hasegawa, and Y. Hayasaki, Optica 4, 298 (2017).

H. Yu, K. Lee, J. Park, and Y. Park, Nat. Photonics 11, 186 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

K. Wakunami, P. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Hirayama, H. Nakayama, A. Shiraki, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, Opt. Express 24, 7319 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Ochiai, K. Kumagai, T. Hoshi, J. Rekimoto, S. Hasegawa, and Y. Hayasaki, ACM Trans. Graph. 35, 17 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

R. Hirayama, M. Naruse, H. Nakayama, N. Tate, A. Shiraki, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, M. Ohtsu, and T. Ito, Sci. Rep. 5, 8472 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Kumagai, D. Suzuki, S. Hasegawa, and Y. Hayasaki, Opt. Lett. 40, 3356 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2010 (2)

P. C. Barnum, S. G. Narasimhan, and T. kanade, ACM Trans. Graph. 29, 76 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. T. Lima, J. Display Technol. 6, 221 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. Sr Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, ACM Trans. Graph. 26, 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

P. Serra, J. M. Fernández-Pradas, M. Colina, M. Duocastella, J. Domínguez, and J. L. Morenza, J. Laser Micro/Nanoeng. 1, 236 (2006).

2005 (1)

Y. Hayasaki, T. Sugimoto, A. Takita, and N. Nishida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 031101 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

K. Langhans, C. Guill, E. Rieper, K. Oltmann, and D. Bahr, Proc. SPIE 5006, 161 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, and W. S. Chun, Proc. SPIE 4712, 300 (2002).
[Crossref]

B. G. Blundell and A. J. Schwarz, IEEE Trans. Visual. Comput. Graph. 8, 66 (2002).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, Science 273, 1185 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

1972 (1)

R. W. Gerchberg and W. O. Saxton, Optik 35, 237 (1972).

Asano, A.

H. Kimura, A. Asano, I. Fujishiro, A. Nakatani, and H. Watanabe, in Proceeding of ACM SIGGRAPH 2011 Emerging Technologies (ACM, 2011), p. 10.

Bahr, D.

K. Langhans, C. Guill, E. Rieper, K. Oltmann, and D. Bahr, Proc. SPIE 5006, 161 (2003).
[Crossref]

Barnum, P. C.

P. C. Barnum, S. G. Narasimhan, and T. kanade, ACM Trans. Graph. 29, 76 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bengtsson, J.

Blanche, P.-A.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. Sr Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).
[Crossref]

Blundell, B. G.

B. G. Blundell and A. J. Schwarz, IEEE Trans. Visual. Comput. Graph. 8, 66 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bolas, M.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, ACM Trans. Graph. 26, 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chernyshov, O.

Chun, W. S.

G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, and W. S. Chun, Proc. SPIE 4712, 300 (2002).
[Crossref]

Colina, M.

P. Serra, J. M. Fernández-Pradas, M. Colina, M. Duocastella, J. Domínguez, and J. L. Morenza, J. Laser Micro/Nanoeng. 1, 236 (2006).

Costner, K.

D. E. Samalley, E. Nygaard, K. Squire, J. Van Wagoner, J. Rasmussen, S. Gneiting, K. Qaderi, J. Goodsell, W. Rogers, M. Lindsey, K. Costner, A. Monk, M. Pearson, B. Haymore, and J. Peatross, Nature 553, 486 (2018).
[Crossref]

Debevec, P.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, ACM Trans. Graph. 26, 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Domínguez, J.

P. Serra, J. M. Fernández-Pradas, M. Colina, M. Duocastella, J. Domínguez, and J. L. Morenza, J. Laser Micro/Nanoeng. 1, 236 (2006).

Dorval, R. K.

G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, and W. S. Chun, Proc. SPIE 4712, 300 (2002).
[Crossref]

Doumuki, T.

Downing, E.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, Science 273, 1185 (1996).
[Crossref]

Duocastella, M.

P. Serra, J. M. Fernández-Pradas, M. Colina, M. Duocastella, J. Domínguez, and J. L. Morenza, J. Laser Micro/Nanoeng. 1, 236 (2006).

Favalora, G. E.

G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, and W. S. Chun, Proc. SPIE 4712, 300 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fernández-Pradas, J. M.

P. Serra, J. M. Fernández-Pradas, M. Colina, M. Duocastella, J. Domínguez, and J. L. Morenza, J. Laser Micro/Nanoeng. 1, 236 (2006).

Flores, D.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. Sr Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fujishiro, I.

H. Kimura, A. Asano, I. Fujishiro, A. Nakatani, and H. Watanabe, in Proceeding of ACM SIGGRAPH 2011 Emerging Technologies (ACM, 2011), p. 10.

Galambos, L.

Gerchberg, R. W.

R. W. Gerchberg and W. O. Saxton, Optik 35, 237 (1972).

Giovinco, M. G.

G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, and W. S. Chun, Proc. SPIE 4712, 300 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gneiting, S.

D. E. Samalley, E. Nygaard, K. Squire, J. Van Wagoner, J. Rasmussen, S. Gneiting, K. Qaderi, J. Goodsell, W. Rogers, M. Lindsey, K. Costner, A. Monk, M. Pearson, B. Haymore, and J. Peatross, Nature 553, 486 (2018).
[Crossref]

Goodsell, J.

D. E. Samalley, E. Nygaard, K. Squire, J. Van Wagoner, J. Rasmussen, S. Gneiting, K. Qaderi, J. Goodsell, W. Rogers, M. Lindsey, K. Costner, A. Monk, M. Pearson, B. Haymore, and J. Peatross, Nature 553, 486 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gu, T.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. Sr Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).
[Crossref]

Guill, C.

K. Langhans, C. Guill, E. Rieper, K. Oltmann, and D. Bahr, Proc. SPIE 5006, 161 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hall, D. M.

G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, and W. S. Chun, Proc. SPIE 4712, 300 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hasegawa, S.

K. Kumagai, S. Hasegawa, and Y. Hayasaki, Optica 4, 298 (2017).

Y. Ochiai, K. Kumagai, T. Hoshi, J. Rekimoto, S. Hasegawa, and Y. Hayasaki, ACM Trans. Graph. 35, 17 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Kumagai, D. Suzuki, S. Hasegawa, and Y. Hayasaki, Opt. Lett. 40, 3356 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hayasaki, Y.

K. Kumagai, S. Hasegawa, and Y. Hayasaki, Optica 4, 298 (2017).

Y. Ochiai, K. Kumagai, T. Hoshi, J. Rekimoto, S. Hasegawa, and Y. Hayasaki, ACM Trans. Graph. 35, 17 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Kumagai, D. Suzuki, S. Hasegawa, and Y. Hayasaki, Opt. Lett. 40, 3356 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Hayasaki, T. Sugimoto, A. Takita, and N. Nishida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 031101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Haymore, B.

D. E. Samalley, E. Nygaard, K. Squire, J. Van Wagoner, J. Rasmussen, S. Gneiting, K. Qaderi, J. Goodsell, W. Rogers, M. Lindsey, K. Costner, A. Monk, M. Pearson, B. Haymore, and J. Peatross, Nature 553, 486 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hesselink, L.

T. Honda, T. Doumuki, L. Galambos, and L. Hesselink, Opt. Lett. 23, 1108 (1998).
[Crossref]

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, Science 273, 1185 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hirayama, R.

R. Hirayama, H. Nakayama, A. Shiraki, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, Opt. Express 24, 7319 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Hirayama, M. Naruse, H. Nakayama, N. Tate, A. Shiraki, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, M. Ohtsu, and T. Ito, Sci. Rep. 5, 8472 (2015).
[Crossref]

Honda, T.

Hoshi, T.

Y. Ochiai, K. Kumagai, T. Hoshi, J. Rekimoto, S. Hasegawa, and Y. Hayasaki, ACM Trans. Graph. 35, 17 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hsieh, P.

K. Wakunami, P. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

K. Wakunami, P. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ichihashi, Y.

K. Wakunami, P. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ito, T.

R. Hirayama, H. Nakayama, A. Shiraki, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, Opt. Express 24, 7319 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Hirayama, M. Naruse, H. Nakayama, N. Tate, A. Shiraki, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, M. Ohtsu, and T. Ito, Sci. Rep. 5, 8472 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jones, A.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, ACM Trans. Graph. 26, 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kakue, T.

R. Hirayama, H. Nakayama, A. Shiraki, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, Opt. Express 24, 7319 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Hirayama, M. Naruse, H. Nakayama, N. Tate, A. Shiraki, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, M. Ohtsu, and T. Ito, Sci. Rep. 5, 8472 (2015).
[Crossref]

kanade, T.

P. C. Barnum, S. G. Narasimhan, and T. kanade, ACM Trans. Graph. 29, 76 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kimura, H.

H. Kimura, T. Uchiyama, and H. Yoshikawa, in Proceeding of ACM SIGGRAPH 2006 Emerging Technologies (ACM, 2006), p. 20.

H. Kimura, A. Asano, I. Fujishiro, A. Nakatani, and H. Watanabe, in Proceeding of ACM SIGGRAPH 2011 Emerging Technologies (ACM, 2011), p. 10.

Kumagai, K.

K. Kumagai, S. Hasegawa, and Y. Hayasaki, Optica 4, 298 (2017).

Y. Ochiai, K. Kumagai, T. Hoshi, J. Rekimoto, S. Hasegawa, and Y. Hayasaki, ACM Trans. Graph. 35, 17 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Kumagai, D. Suzuki, S. Hasegawa, and Y. Hayasaki, Opt. Lett. 40, 3356 (2015).
[Crossref]

Langhans, K.

K. Langhans, C. Guill, E. Rieper, K. Oltmann, and D. Bahr, Proc. SPIE 5006, 161 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lee, B.

Lee, H.

Lee, K.

H. Yu, K. Lee, J. Park, and Y. Park, Nat. Photonics 11, 186 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. Sr Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lima, I. T.

Lin, W.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. Sr Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lindsey, M.

D. E. Samalley, E. Nygaard, K. Squire, J. Van Wagoner, J. Rasmussen, S. Gneiting, K. Qaderi, J. Goodsell, W. Rogers, M. Lindsey, K. Costner, A. Monk, M. Pearson, B. Haymore, and J. Peatross, Nature 553, 486 (2018).
[Crossref]

Macfarlane, R.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, Science 273, 1185 (1996).
[Crossref]

McDowall, I.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, ACM Trans. Graph. 26, 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Monk, A.

D. E. Samalley, E. Nygaard, K. Squire, J. Van Wagoner, J. Rasmussen, S. Gneiting, K. Qaderi, J. Goodsell, W. Rogers, M. Lindsey, K. Costner, A. Monk, M. Pearson, B. Haymore, and J. Peatross, Nature 553, 486 (2018).
[Crossref]

Moon, K.

Morenza, J. L.

P. Serra, J. M. Fernández-Pradas, M. Colina, M. Duocastella, J. Domínguez, and J. L. Morenza, J. Laser Micro/Nanoeng. 1, 236 (2006).

Nakatani, A.

H. Kimura, A. Asano, I. Fujishiro, A. Nakatani, and H. Watanabe, in Proceeding of ACM SIGGRAPH 2011 Emerging Technologies (ACM, 2011), p. 10.

Nakayama, H.

R. Hirayama, H. Nakayama, A. Shiraki, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, Opt. Express 24, 7319 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Hirayama, M. Naruse, H. Nakayama, N. Tate, A. Shiraki, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, M. Ohtsu, and T. Ito, Sci. Rep. 5, 8472 (2015).
[Crossref]

Napoli, J.

G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, and W. S. Chun, Proc. SPIE 4712, 300 (2002).
[Crossref]

Narasimhan, S. G.

P. C. Barnum, S. G. Narasimhan, and T. kanade, ACM Trans. Graph. 29, 76 (2010).
[Crossref]

Naruse, M.

R. Hirayama, M. Naruse, H. Nakayama, N. Tate, A. Shiraki, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, M. Ohtsu, and T. Ito, Sci. Rep. 5, 8472 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nishida, N.

Y. Hayasaki, T. Sugimoto, A. Takita, and N. Nishida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 031101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Norwood, R. A.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. Sr Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nygaard, E.

D. E. Samalley, E. Nygaard, K. Squire, J. Van Wagoner, J. Rasmussen, S. Gneiting, K. Qaderi, J. Goodsell, W. Rogers, M. Lindsey, K. Costner, A. Monk, M. Pearson, B. Haymore, and J. Peatross, Nature 553, 486 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ochiai, Y.

Y. Ochiai, K. Kumagai, T. Hoshi, J. Rekimoto, S. Hasegawa, and Y. Hayasaki, ACM Trans. Graph. 35, 17 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ohtsu, M.

R. Hirayama, M. Naruse, H. Nakayama, N. Tate, A. Shiraki, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, M. Ohtsu, and T. Ito, Sci. Rep. 5, 8472 (2015).
[Crossref]

Oi, R.

K. Wakunami, P. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
[Crossref]

Okui, M.

K. Wakunami, P. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
[Crossref]

Oltmann, K.

K. Langhans, C. Guill, E. Rieper, K. Oltmann, and D. Bahr, Proc. SPIE 5006, 161 (2003).
[Crossref]

Park, J.

H. Yu, K. Lee, J. Park, and Y. Park, Nat. Photonics 11, 186 (2017).
[Crossref]

Park, Y.

H. Yu, K. Lee, J. Park, and Y. Park, Nat. Photonics 11, 186 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pearson, M.

D. E. Samalley, E. Nygaard, K. Squire, J. Van Wagoner, J. Rasmussen, S. Gneiting, K. Qaderi, J. Goodsell, W. Rogers, M. Lindsey, K. Costner, A. Monk, M. Pearson, B. Haymore, and J. Peatross, Nature 553, 486 (2018).
[Crossref]

Peatross, J.

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D. E. Samalley, E. Nygaard, K. Squire, J. Van Wagoner, J. Rasmussen, S. Gneiting, K. Qaderi, J. Goodsell, W. Rogers, M. Lindsey, K. Costner, A. Monk, M. Pearson, B. Haymore, and J. Peatross, Nature 553, 486 (2018).
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D. E. Samalley, E. Nygaard, K. Squire, J. Van Wagoner, J. Rasmussen, S. Gneiting, K. Qaderi, J. Goodsell, W. Rogers, M. Lindsey, K. Costner, A. Monk, M. Pearson, B. Haymore, and J. Peatross, Nature 553, 486 (2018).
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S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. Sr Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).
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D. E. Samalley, E. Nygaard, K. Squire, J. Van Wagoner, J. Rasmussen, S. Gneiting, K. Qaderi, J. Goodsell, W. Rogers, M. Lindsey, K. Costner, A. Monk, M. Pearson, B. Haymore, and J. Peatross, Nature 553, 486 (2018).
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S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. Sr Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).
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S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. Sr Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).
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S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. Sr Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).
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K. Wakunami, P. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
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Yamamoto, M.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. Sr Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).
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H. Kimura, T. Uchiyama, and H. Yoshikawa, in Proceeding of ACM SIGGRAPH 2006 Emerging Technologies (ACM, 2006), p. 20.

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H. Yu, K. Lee, J. Park, and Y. Park, Nat. Photonics 11, 186 (2017).
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ACM Trans. Graph. (3)

P. C. Barnum, S. G. Narasimhan, and T. kanade, ACM Trans. Graph. 29, 76 (2010).
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A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, ACM Trans. Graph. 26, 40 (2007).
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Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Hayasaki, T. Sugimoto, A. Takita, and N. Nishida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 031101 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Visual. Comput. Graph. (1)

B. G. Blundell and A. J. Schwarz, IEEE Trans. Visual. Comput. Graph. 8, 66 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Display Technol. (1)

J. Laser Micro/Nanoeng. (1)

P. Serra, J. M. Fernández-Pradas, M. Colina, M. Duocastella, J. Domínguez, and J. L. Morenza, J. Laser Micro/Nanoeng. 1, 236 (2006).

Nat. Commun. (1)

K. Wakunami, P. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

H. Yu, K. Lee, J. Park, and Y. Park, Nat. Photonics 11, 186 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. Sr Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. E. Samalley, E. Nygaard, K. Squire, J. Van Wagoner, J. Rasmussen, S. Gneiting, K. Qaderi, J. Goodsell, W. Rogers, M. Lindsey, K. Costner, A. Monk, M. Pearson, B. Haymore, and J. Peatross, Nature 553, 486 (2018).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Optica (1)

Optik (1)

R. W. Gerchberg and W. O. Saxton, Optik 35, 237 (1972).

Proc. SPIE (2)

G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, and W. S. Chun, Proc. SPIE 4712, 300 (2002).
[Crossref]

K. Langhans, C. Guill, E. Rieper, K. Oltmann, and D. Bahr, Proc. SPIE 5006, 161 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

R. Hirayama, M. Naruse, H. Nakayama, N. Tate, A. Shiraki, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, M. Ohtsu, and T. Ito, Sci. Rep. 5, 8472 (2015).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, Science 273, 1185 (1996).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

H. Kimura, T. Uchiyama, and H. Yoshikawa, in Proceeding of ACM SIGGRAPH 2006 Emerging Technologies (ACM, 2006), p. 20.

H. Kimura, A. Asano, I. Fujishiro, A. Nakatani, and H. Watanabe, in Proceeding of ACM SIGGRAPH 2011 Emerging Technologies (ACM, 2011), p. 10.

I. E. Sutherland, in Proceedings of the Fall Joint Computer Conference (1968).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Configuration of a volumetric screen in (a) previous study, and (b) this study with 3D-structured voxels.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Actual example of the screen having 3D-structured voxels arranged in a matrix.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Holographic color switching.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Experimental setup.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Emission color patterns of a voxel, and (b) spectrum of RGB subvoxels changed by the holographic color-switching method.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a) Emission intensity of focal spots formed by switching patterns having three spots with different intensities. (b) The emission light from the voxels.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Volumetric graphics with RGB emission color displayed on the screen having 3D-structured voxels viewed from different directions.

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