Abstract

Compact and broadband manipulation of spatial modes is important in applications exploiting the space domain of light waves. Here, we demonstrate chip-scale generation and synthesization of ultrabroadband orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes (twisted light) on a silicon platform. By introducing a subwavelength holographic fork grating on top of a silicon waveguide, the in-plane guided mode is converted to the free-space OAM mode. Inputs from both sides of the waveguide enable the synthesization of OAM modes. We also characterize wavelength-dependent emission efficiency, offset angle, and purity with favorable performance. The chip-scale ultrabroadband OAM generator and synthesizer may find potential applications in multidimensional optical communications and quantum key distribution.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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