Abstract

Subdiffusive reflectance captured at short source-detector separations provides increased sensitivity to the scattering phase function and hence allows superficial probing of the tissue ultrastructure. Consequently, estimation of subdiffusive optical parameters has been the subject of many recent studies focusing on lookup-table-based (LUT) inverse models. Since an adequate description of the subdiffusive reflectance requires additional scattering phase function related optical parameters, the LUT inverse models, which grow exponentially with the number of estimated parameters, become excessively large and computationally inefficient. Herein, we propose, to the best of our knowledge, the first artificial-neural-network-based inverse Monte Carlo model that overcomes the limitations of the LUT inverse models and thus allows efficient real-time estimation of optical parameters from subdiffusive spatially resolved reflectance. The proposed inverse model retains the accuracy, is about four orders of magnitude faster than the LUT inverse models, grows only linearly with the number of estimated optical parameters, and can be easily extended to estimate additional optical parameters.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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