Abstract

The laser behavior of a centimeter-scale Er3+/Al3+ codoped silica fiber with core numerical aperture and core diameter of 0.15 and 8 μm, respectively, is reported. The core glass was prepared by the sol–gel method combined with high-temperature sintering; it contained Er3+ ion concentration as high as 1.32×1020  ions/cm3 and an Al/Er mole ratio of 10. The high doping homogeneity of Er3+ ions in the fiber core was confirmed by an electron probe microanalyzer element scanning, long Er3+:  I13/24 emission lifetime of 11.4 ms, and low refractive index fluctuation of fiber core (±1×104). The signal gain of fibers with 4.6 cm, 10 cm, and 16 cm lengths was tested in the 1500–1620 nm range. A gain of 7 dB is achieved at 1560 nm in a 16-cm-long EDF under 230 mW pump power. Aimed for CO2 sensor application, the laser behavior of Er/Al codoped fiber was tested at 1572 nm. A slope efficiency of 12% and an output power of 15 mW were achieved in a 10-cm-long fiber under 166 mW absorbed pump power. The newly developed silica fiber is promising for use in high-repetition-rate lasers.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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