Abstract

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) of a single ZnO nanorod (NR) is demonstrated by coating with Ag nanoparticles (NPs). An enhancement factor of 1.2×103 and 4.4×102 has been obtained for E2 (high) mode (437  cm1) and A1 (TO) mode (378  cm1), respectively. Electron paramagnetic resonance measurements reveal an unintentional donor state in ZnO NRs. The enhancement of deep-level emission and micro-absorption mapping of a single ZnO NR further confirms the presence of the donor state. The SERS is believed to result from the charge transfer between ZnO NRs and Ag NPs, which can be enhanced by the empty donor state in ZnO. Finally, single ZnO NRs coated with Ag can be used as good SERS substrates for small molecule detection. This Letter highlights the interaction between point defects and the SERS effect down to a single semiconductor NR.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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Corrections

9 May 2018: A correction was made to the funding section.


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