Abstract

Dispersive pulse-stretching at 2.0 μm has long been hindered by the high intrinsic optical loss from conventional dispersive media. Here a flexible pulse-stretching technique at 2.0 μm is demonstrated over a broad bandwidth with large-scale dispersion and low intrinsic optical loss. The technique employs the newly proposed pulse-stretching scheme, namely, free-space angular-chirp-enhanced delay. Both normal and anomalous temporal dispersion (up to ±500  ps/nm) with low intrinsic loss (<6  dB) over a spectral bandwidth of 84  nm at 2.0 μm is obtained with low nonlinear effects. Based on this method, an optical wavelength-swept source at 2.0 μm is realized and applied to spectrally encoded imaging at a line scan rate of 19  MHz, proving the potential of this pulse-stretching technique for continuous single-shot measurements at the 2.0 μm wavelength regime, particularly for optical microscopy and spectroscopy.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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