Abstract

Here we report the development of a novel immunosensor-based strategy for label-free detection of viral pathogens by incorporating a sandwich bioassay onto a single-mode, electro-active, integrated optical waveguide (EA-IOW). Our strategy begins with the functionalization of the electro-active waveguide surface with a capture antibody aimed at a specific virus antigen. Once the target antigen is bound to the photonic interface, it promotes the binding of a secondary antibody that has been labeled with a methylene blue (MB) dye. The MB is a redox-active probe whose optical absorption can be electrically modulated and interrogated with high sensitivity by a propagating waveguide mode. In this effort, we have targeted the hemagglutinin (HA) protein from the H5N1 avian influenza A virus to demonstrate the capabilities of the EA-IOW device for detection and quantification of an important antigen. Our initial results for the HA H5N1 influenza virus show a remarkable limit of detection in the pico-molar range.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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