Abstract

Mid-infrared laser sources are of great interest for various applications, including light detection and ranging, spectroscopy, communication, trace-gas detection, and medical sensing. Silicon photonics is a promising platform that enables these applications to be integrated on a single chip with low cost and compact size. Silicon-based high-power lasers have been demonstrated at 1.55 μm wavelength, while in the 2 μm region, to the best of our knowledge, high-power, high-efficiency, and monolithic light sources have been minimally investigated. In this Letter, we report on high-power CMOS-compatible thulium-doped distributed feedback and distributed Bragg reflector lasers with single-mode output powers up to 267 and 387 mW, and slope efficiencies of 14% and 23%, respectively. More than 70 dB side-mode suppression ratio is achieved for both lasers. This work extends the applicability of silicon photonic microsystems in the 2 μm region.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (5)

2014 (3)

2013 (3)

2012 (1)

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

K. Wörhoff, J. D. B. Bradley, F. Ay, D. Geskus, T. P. Blauwendraat, and M. Pollnau, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 454 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, Nature 433, 725 (2005).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167 (2001).
[Crossref]

Adam, T. N.

J. D. B. Bradley, Z. Su, E. S. Magden, N. Li, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Proc. SPIE 9744, 97440U (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Singh, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, M. Moresco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 41, 1189 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Su, N. Li, E. Salih Magden, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, J. D. B. Bradley, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 41, 5708 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. S. Hosseini, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, J. Sun, G. Leake, T. N. Adam, D. D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 39, 3106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Su, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, P. Purnawirman, D. Coleman, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, in Advanced Photonics (IPR, NOMA, Sensors, Networks, SPPCom, SOF) (2016), paper IW1A.3.

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Aravazhi, S.

Ay, F.

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[Crossref]

Baiocco, C.

Z. Su, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, P. Purnawirman, D. Coleman, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, in Advanced Photonics (IPR, NOMA, Sensors, Networks, SPPCom, SOF) (2016), paper IW1A.3.

Barton, J. S.

Belt, M.

Bernhardi, E. H.

Blauwendraat, T. P.

K. Wörhoff, J. D. B. Bradley, F. Ay, D. Geskus, T. P. Blauwendraat, and M. Pollnau, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 454 (2009).
[Crossref]

Blumenthal, D. J.

Bowers, J. E.

Bradley, J. D. B.

G. Singh, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, M. Moresco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 41, 1189 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. D. B. Bradley, Z. Su, E. S. Magden, N. Li, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Proc. SPIE 9744, 97440U (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Su, N. Li, E. Salih Magden, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, J. D. B. Bradley, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 41, 5708 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. S. Hosseini, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, J. Sun, G. Leake, T. N. Adam, D. D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 39, 3106 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Wörhoff, J. D. B. Bradley, F. Ay, D. Geskus, T. P. Blauwendraat, and M. Pollnau, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 454 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. S. Magden, Purnawirman, N. Li, G. Singh, J. D. B. Bradley, G. S. Petrich, G. Leake, D. D. Coolbaugh, M. R. Watts, and L. A. Kolodziejski, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2016), paper SM1G.2.

Z. Su, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, P. Purnawirman, D. Coleman, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, in Advanced Photonics (IPR, NOMA, Sensors, Networks, SPPCom, SOF) (2016), paper IW1A.3.

N. Li, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, G. Singh, E. S. Magden, J. Sun, and M. R. Watts, in Optoelectronics Global Conference (OGC) (2015), pp. 1–2

Byrd, M.

Camacho-Aguilera, R.

Cohen, O.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, Nature 433, 725 (2005).
[Crossref]

Coleman, D.

Z. Su, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, P. Purnawirman, D. Coleman, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, in Advanced Photonics (IPR, NOMA, Sensors, Networks, SPPCom, SOF) (2016), paper IW1A.3.

Coolbaugh, D.

J. D. B. Bradley, Z. Su, E. S. Magden, N. Li, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Proc. SPIE 9744, 97440U (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Singh, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, M. Moresco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 41, 1189 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Su, N. Li, E. Salih Magden, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, J. D. B. Bradley, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 41, 5708 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Su, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, P. Purnawirman, D. Coleman, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, in Advanced Photonics (IPR, NOMA, Sensors, Networks, SPPCom, SOF) (2016), paper IW1A.3.

Coolbaugh, D. D.

Davenport, M. L.

de Ridder, R. M.

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Fang, A.

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Fang, A. W.

Feinberg, J.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167 (2001).
[Crossref]

Fuhrberg, P.

S. L. K. Scholle, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, in Proceedings of Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics (2010), pp. 471–500.

García-Blanco, S. M.

Geskus, D.

K. Wörhoff, J. D. B. Bradley, F. Ay, D. Geskus, T. P. Blauwendraat, and M. Pollnau, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 454 (2009).
[Crossref]

GreenWilliam, M. J.

X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and M. J. GreenWilliam, Nat. Photonics 4, 557 (2010).
[Crossref]

Grivas, C.

Hak, D.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, Nature 433, 725 (2005).
[Crossref]

Havstad, S. A.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hosseini, E. S.

Hu, S.

Huffman, T.

Jones, R.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, Nature 433, 725 (2005).
[Crossref]

Khan, M. R. H.

Kimerling, L. C.

Kolodziejski, L. A.

E. S. Magden, Purnawirman, N. Li, G. Singh, J. D. B. Bradley, G. S. Petrich, G. Leake, D. D. Coolbaugh, M. R. Watts, and L. A. Kolodziejski, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2016), paper SM1G.2.

Koopmann, P.

S. L. K. Scholle, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, in Proceedings of Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics (2010), pp. 471–500.

Kuo, Y.-H.

Lan, L.

Leake, G.

G. Singh, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, M. Moresco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 41, 1189 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. D. B. Bradley, Z. Su, E. S. Magden, N. Li, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Proc. SPIE 9744, 97440U (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Li, E. Timurdogan, C. V. Poulton, M. Byrd, E. S. Magden, Z. Su, Purnawirman, G. Leake, D. D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Express 24, 22741 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Su, N. Li, E. Salih Magden, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, J. D. B. Bradley, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 41, 5708 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. S. Hosseini, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, J. Sun, G. Leake, T. N. Adam, D. D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 39, 3106 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. S. Magden, Purnawirman, N. Li, G. Singh, J. D. B. Bradley, G. S. Petrich, G. Leake, D. D. Coolbaugh, M. R. Watts, and L. A. Kolodziejski, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2016), paper SM1G.2.

Z. Su, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, P. Purnawirman, D. Coleman, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, in Advanced Photonics (IPR, NOMA, Sensors, Networks, SPPCom, SOF) (2016), paper IW1A.3.

Li, M.

Li, N.

N. Li, E. Timurdogan, C. V. Poulton, M. Byrd, E. S. Magden, Z. Su, Purnawirman, G. Leake, D. D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Express 24, 22741 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Su, N. Li, E. Salih Magden, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, J. D. B. Bradley, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 41, 5708 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. D. B. Bradley, Z. Su, E. S. Magden, N. Li, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Proc. SPIE 9744, 97440U (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Singh, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, M. Moresco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 41, 1189 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, K. Wu, N. Li, L. Lan, S. Yoo, X. Wu, P. P. Shum, S. Zeng, and X. Tan, J. Opt. Soc. Korea 17, 357 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Li, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, G. Singh, E. S. Magden, J. Sun, and M. R. Watts, in Optoelectronics Global Conference (OGC) (2015), pp. 1–2

Z. Su, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, P. Purnawirman, D. Coleman, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, in Advanced Photonics (IPR, NOMA, Sensors, Networks, SPPCom, SOF) (2016), paper IW1A.3.

E. S. Magden, Purnawirman, N. Li, G. Singh, J. D. B. Bradley, G. S. Petrich, G. Leake, D. D. Coolbaugh, M. R. Watts, and L. A. Kolodziejski, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2016), paper SM1G.2.

Li, S.

Li, W.

Liang, D.

Liu, A.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, Nature 433, 725 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and M. J. GreenWilliam, Nat. Photonics 4, 557 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Lively, E.

Luo, M.

Magden, E. S.

N. Li, E. Timurdogan, C. V. Poulton, M. Byrd, E. S. Magden, Z. Su, Purnawirman, G. Leake, D. D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Express 24, 22741 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Singh, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, M. Moresco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 41, 1189 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. D. B. Bradley, Z. Su, E. S. Magden, N. Li, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Proc. SPIE 9744, 97440U (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Li, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, G. Singh, E. S. Magden, J. Sun, and M. R. Watts, in Optoelectronics Global Conference (OGC) (2015), pp. 1–2

E. S. Magden, Purnawirman, N. Li, G. Singh, J. D. B. Bradley, G. S. Petrich, G. Leake, D. D. Coolbaugh, M. R. Watts, and L. A. Kolodziejski, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2016), paper SM1G.2.

Z. Su, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, P. Purnawirman, D. Coleman, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, in Advanced Photonics (IPR, NOMA, Sensors, Networks, SPPCom, SOF) (2016), paper IW1A.3.

Michel, J.

Moresco, M.

Osgood, R. M.

X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and M. J. GreenWilliam, Nat. Photonics 4, 557 (2010).
[Crossref]

Paniccia, M.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, Nature 433, 725 (2005).
[Crossref]

Petrich, G. S.

E. S. Magden, Purnawirman, N. Li, G. Singh, J. D. B. Bradley, G. S. Petrich, G. Leake, D. D. Coolbaugh, M. R. Watts, and L. A. Kolodziejski, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2016), paper SM1G.2.

Pollnau, M.

Poulton, C. V.

Purnawirman, P.

N. Li, E. Timurdogan, C. V. Poulton, M. Byrd, E. S. Magden, Z. Su, Purnawirman, G. Leake, D. D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Express 24, 22741 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Su, N. Li, E. Salih Magden, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, J. D. B. Bradley, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 41, 5708 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. D. B. Bradley, Z. Su, E. S. Magden, N. Li, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Proc. SPIE 9744, 97440U (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Singh, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, M. Moresco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 41, 1189 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. S. Hosseini, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, J. Sun, G. Leake, T. N. Adam, D. D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 39, 3106 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Li, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, G. Singh, E. S. Magden, J. Sun, and M. R. Watts, in Optoelectronics Global Conference (OGC) (2015), pp. 1–2

E. S. Magden, Purnawirman, N. Li, G. Singh, J. D. B. Bradley, G. S. Petrich, G. Leake, D. D. Coolbaugh, M. R. Watts, and L. A. Kolodziejski, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2016), paper SM1G.2.

Z. Su, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, P. Purnawirman, D. Coleman, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, in Advanced Photonics (IPR, NOMA, Sensors, Networks, SPPCom, SOF) (2016), paper IW1A.3.

Qiu, Y.

Roeloffzen, C. G. H.

Rong, H.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, Nature 433, 725 (2005).
[Crossref]

Salih Magden, E.

Scholle, S. L. K.

S. L. K. Scholle, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, in Proceedings of Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics (2010), pp. 471–500.

Shum, P. P.

Singh, G.

G. Singh, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, M. Moresco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 41, 1189 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Li, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, G. Singh, E. S. Magden, J. Sun, and M. R. Watts, in Optoelectronics Global Conference (OGC) (2015), pp. 1–2

E. S. Magden, Purnawirman, N. Li, G. Singh, J. D. B. Bradley, G. S. Petrich, G. Leake, D. D. Coolbaugh, M. R. Watts, and L. A. Kolodziejski, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2016), paper SM1G.2.

Song, Y. W.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167 (2001).
[Crossref]

Starodubov, D.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167 (2001).
[Crossref]

Su, Z.

J. D. B. Bradley, Z. Su, E. S. Magden, N. Li, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Proc. SPIE 9744, 97440U (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Su, N. Li, E. Salih Magden, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, J. D. B. Bradley, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 41, 5708 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Li, E. Timurdogan, C. V. Poulton, M. Byrd, E. S. Magden, Z. Su, Purnawirman, G. Leake, D. D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Express 24, 22741 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Su, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, P. Purnawirman, D. Coleman, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, in Advanced Photonics (IPR, NOMA, Sensors, Networks, SPPCom, SOF) (2016), paper IW1A.3.

Sun, J.

E. S. Hosseini, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, J. Sun, G. Leake, T. N. Adam, D. D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 39, 3106 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Li, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, G. Singh, E. S. Magden, J. Sun, and M. R. Watts, in Optoelectronics Global Conference (OGC) (2015), pp. 1–2

Sun, X.

Tan, X.

Tang, X.

Timurdogan, E.

van Dalfsen, K.

van Wolferen, H. A. G. M.

Vermeulen, D.

N. Li, E. Timurdogan, C. V. Poulton, M. Byrd, E. S. Magden, Z. Su, Purnawirman, G. Leake, D. D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Express 24, 22741 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Su, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, P. Purnawirman, D. Coleman, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, in Advanced Photonics (IPR, NOMA, Sensors, Networks, SPPCom, SOF) (2016), paper IW1A.3.

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X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and M. J. GreenWilliam, Nat. Photonics 4, 557 (2010).
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Watts, M. R.

N. Li, E. Timurdogan, C. V. Poulton, M. Byrd, E. S. Magden, Z. Su, Purnawirman, G. Leake, D. D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Express 24, 22741 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Su, N. Li, E. Salih Magden, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, J. D. B. Bradley, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 41, 5708 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. D. B. Bradley, Z. Su, E. S. Magden, N. Li, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Proc. SPIE 9744, 97440U (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Singh, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, M. Moresco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 41, 1189 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. S. Hosseini, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, J. Sun, G. Leake, T. N. Adam, D. D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 39, 3106 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Li, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, G. Singh, E. S. Magden, J. Sun, and M. R. Watts, in Optoelectronics Global Conference (OGC) (2015), pp. 1–2

Z. Su, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, P. Purnawirman, D. Coleman, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, in Advanced Photonics (IPR, NOMA, Sensors, Networks, SPPCom, SOF) (2016), paper IW1A.3.

E. S. Magden, Purnawirman, N. Li, G. Singh, J. D. B. Bradley, G. S. Petrich, G. Leake, D. D. Coolbaugh, M. R. Watts, and L. A. Kolodziejski, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2016), paper SM1G.2.

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Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167 (2001).
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L. Agazzi, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 6759 (2013).
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E. H. Bernhardi, H. A. G. M. van Wolferen, L. Agazzi, M. R. H. Khan, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, K. Wörhoff, M. Pollnau, and R. M. de Ridder, Opt. Lett. 35, 2394 (2010).
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K. Wörhoff, J. D. B. Bradley, F. Ay, D. Geskus, T. P. Blauwendraat, and M. Pollnau, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 454 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wu, K.

Wu, X.

Xiao, X.

Xie, Y.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q.

Yoo, S.

Yu, S.

Zeng, S.

Zhang, D.

Zhao, J.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Wörhoff, J. D. B. Bradley, F. Ay, D. Geskus, T. P. Blauwendraat, and M. Pollnau, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 454 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Korea (1)

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

L. Agazzi, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 6759 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and M. J. GreenWilliam, Nat. Photonics 4, 557 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, Nature 433, 725 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. D. B. Bradley, Z. Su, E. S. Magden, N. Li, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, Proc. SPIE 9744, 97440U (2016).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

N. Li, Purnawirman, J. D. B. Bradley, G. Singh, E. S. Magden, J. Sun, and M. R. Watts, in Optoelectronics Global Conference (OGC) (2015), pp. 1–2

Z. Su, J. D. B. Bradley, N. Li, E. S. Magden, P. Purnawirman, D. Coleman, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, in Advanced Photonics (IPR, NOMA, Sensors, Networks, SPPCom, SOF) (2016), paper IW1A.3.

E. S. Magden, Purnawirman, N. Li, G. Singh, J. D. B. Bradley, G. S. Petrich, G. Leake, D. D. Coolbaugh, M. R. Watts, and L. A. Kolodziejski, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2016), paper SM1G.2.

M. Belt and D. J. Blumenthal, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (2015), pp. 1–3.

S. L. K. Scholle, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, in Proceedings of Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics (2010), pp. 471–500.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Integrated thulium DFB and DBR laser designs. (a) Cross section of the laser gain waveguide including five strips of Si 3 N 4 . (b) Refractive indices of the waveguide materials at both pump and signal wavelengths. (c) Fundamental TE field intensity for the pump (1600 nm) and laser output (1900 nm) wavelengths in the DFB waveguide. 3D illustrations of (d) the DFB laser and (e) the DBR laser, showing the different material layers and cavity features (not to scale).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Laser fabrication steps: (I) deposition of Si 3 N 4 layer via PECVD; (II) pattering of Si 3 N 4 layer yielding five-segment (DFB) or seven-segment (DBR) waveguides in the center for mode confinement and additional periodic segments at each side for distributed feedback; (III) deposition of SiO 2 followed by top surface planarization; (IV) deposition of the thulium-doped Al 2 O 3 gain medium by reactive co-sputtering. (b) SEM image of the Si 3 N 4 pattern after HF etching of the SiO 2 top cladding from Step III.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Measurement setup: a 1612 nm laser source together with a high-power EDFA, followed by a polarization controller to ensure that the fundamental TE mode is coupled into the gain waveguide of the laser. An optical spectrum analyzer is used to capture the spectrum; (b) output spectrum of DFB lasers with different grating periods, showing single-mode lasing at 1820, 1840, 1860, 1880, 1900, and 1950 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) DFB and (b) DBR laser output curves, showing 14% and 23% slope efficiency, 267 and 387 mW maximum output power, and 96 and 65 mW lasing threshold, respectively. The output spectra of (c) DFB and (d) DBR lasers at 1861 nm and 1881 nm, respectively, obtained with up to 2 W on-chip pump power and showing side-mode suppression ratios > 70    dB .

Equations (1)

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Λ = λ 2 n eff ,

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