Abstract

We use a drift-diffusion model to study frequency dependent harmonic powers in a modified uni-traveling carrier (MUTC) phododetector. The model includes external loading, incomplete ionization, the Franz–Keldysh effect, and history-dependent impact ionization. In three-tone measurements, the bias voltage at which a null occurs (bias null) in the second-order intermodulation distortion (IMD2) is different for the sum frequency and difference frequency. We obtained agreement with the experimental results. The bias null that appears in the IMD2 is due to the Franz–Keldysh effect. The bias voltage at which the bias null is located depends on the electric field in the intrinsic region, and the difference in the location of the bias null for the sum frequency and difference frequency is due to the displacement current in the intrinsic region. When the frequency is large, the displacement current is large and has a large effect on the harmonic powers. We also found that the bias null depends on the recombination rate in the p-absorption region because the electric field decreases in the intrinsic region when the recombination rate in the p-region decreases.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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