Abstract

We demonstrate that a defect unit in periodic textured closed surfaces is able to trap spoof surface plasmons (SPs) into a deep subwavelength scale. The resonant frequency of a trapped spoof SP can be tuned freely by properly tailoring the dimension of the defect unit. By introducing multiple defect units with different dimensions at different positions of the textured closed surfaces, the spoof SPs with different frequencies trapped effectively at desired places are also demonstrated. In addition, we further design a graded defect structure with continuously variable dimensions to trap the spoof SPs over an ultrawide spectral band. The interval between the trapped waves on the closed surfaces can be tuned conveniently by changing the grade of the defect dimensions. The designer structures may indicate potential applications in the optical switch and storage in the microwave and terahertz frequencies.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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