Abstract

We report the application of gold and silver (AuAg) bimetallic non-alloyed nanoparticles (BNNPs) on disordered subwavelength structures (d-SWSs). The combined advantages of the plasmonic structures and d-SWSs improved the light trapping performance of flexible thin film crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar cells. Antireflective d-SWSs were fabricated using spin-coated Ag ink and subsequent metal-assisted chemical etching, which reduced the ion-induced surface damage produced by the dry etching process. The dimensions of the d-SWSs were finely tuned by adjusting the Ag ink ratio. Au8Ag8 BNNPs were employed on optimized d-SWSs to achieve low reflectance at broadband wavelengths. The Au8Ag8 BNNPs on the d-SWSs showed 180% and 145% enhanced absorption compared to bare c-Si film and Au8Ag8 BNNPs on c-Si film, respectively, in the wavelength range of 300–1100 nm. After 200 cycles of bending the antireflection of the structures remained similar to the original level. This study introduces new approaches for light management in flexible thin film c-Si solar cells over the broadband wavelength range.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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