Abstract

We propose an effective all-fiber method to generate a high-order optical vortex (OV) via twisting a strong modulated long-period fiber grating (LPFG) written in a four-mode fiber (4MF). With a special design and optimization of the procedures of CO2-laser irradiation, an LPFG with strong period deformation is achieved in the 4MF. Based on this LPFG, we can directly convert the linear polarization (LP) fiber fundamental mode (LP01) to the high-order LP core mode (LP21) with efficiency of 99.7% and then transform the LP21 mode into a high-order OV mode (±2 order). This is the first time, to the best of our knowledge, that ±2-order OV modes have been experimentally generated with just one fiber grating in an all-fiber-system.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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