Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate, to the best of our knowledge, the first all-optical control scheme of ultrahigh-quality (Q)-factor silica microcavities, which can maintain their Q factors over 108 during the tuning process. For silica microcavities, the resonance tunability is very important and is also challenging for many applications. However, almost all previous works on resonance tuning deteriorate the Q factors of silica microcavities at different levels, and evidently these schemes are not suitable for applications in which ultrahigh Q factors are required. In this work, based on the proposed silica microbottle cavity and iron oxide nanoparticles, we realize all-optical control of the silica microcavity and maintain its Q factor of around 1.2×108 during the tuning process. A tuning range of 85.9 GHz (0.68 nm) and a tuning sensitivity of 13.6 GHz/mW are obtained, and it is possible to realize full tunability by bridging the azimuthal free spectral range using six adjacent q-series modes. Moreover, all-optical control of the reflection spectrum is also carried out. This work will broaden the applications of ultrahigh-Q silica microcavities in nonlinear optics, microwave photonics, cavity optomechanics, and cavity quantum electrodynamics.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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