Abstract

Inspired by the Papilio blumei butterfly, quantum-dot (QD) film coupled with micro-concavity array (MCA) films is proposed in this Letter to enhance color conversion efficiency (CCE) of QD-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The diameter, aspect ratio, and pitch of the MCA are optimized in the optical simulations. Both the simulation and experimental results show that the scattering and double reflection effects are the key to the CCE improvement of QD films. The results show that the CCEs are increased from 19.98% to 21.59% and 21.78% (350 mA) for single-sided microstructured QD film and double-sided microstructured QD film configurations, respectively. Overall, the MCA film is a promising solution to enhance the CCE of QD-based LEDs.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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