Abstract

Attosecond (1  as=1018  s) pulses produced through high harmonic generation (HHG) are a basis for studies of electron dynamics during light-matter interaction on an electron’s natural time scale. Extensively exploited HHG technology has, however, a few unsolved problems, where producing of circularly polarized or chiral attosecond pulses belongs to them. We have demonstrated experimentally a way to control the ellipticity of attosecond pulse trains produced via HHG in two-color, bi-circular laser fields. We show that the combination of a nonlinear medium position and the intensities of the two-color driving laser fields create an effective helicity-dependent filter. Based on this approach, we report generation of chiral spectra providing potential to produce attosecond pulses with polarization tuned from the rotating, but linear to highly elliptic, with ellipticity as much as ϵ=0.75. This new way to create a chiral-sensitive element offers a simple and practical knob to control polarization for a combined harmonics field in a smooth and predictable manner.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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