Abstract

We propose a novel and simple in-fiber refractive index sensor based on resonant coupling, constructed by a short section of single eccentric hole-assisted dual-core fiber (SEHADCF) spliced between two single-mode fibers. The coupling characteristics of the SEHADCF are calculated numerically. The strong resonant coupling occurs when the fundamental mode of the center core phase-matches to that of the suspended core in the air hole. The effective refractive index of the fundamental mode of the suspended core can be obviously changed by injecting solution into the air hole. The responses of the proposed devices to the refractive index and temperature are experimentally measured. The refractive index sensitivity is 627.5 nm/refractive index unit in the refractive index range of 1.335–1.385. The sensor without solution filling is insensitive to temperature in the range of 30–90°C. The proposed refractive index sensor has outstanding advantages, such as simple fabrication, good mechanical strength, and excellent microfluidic channel, and will be of importance in biological detection, chemical analysis, and environment monitoring.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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