Abstract

A polarization beam splitter (PBS) is proposed and realized for silicon photonic integrated circuits with a 340-nm-thick silicon core layer by introducing an asymmetric directional coupler (ADC), which consists of a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) nanowire and a subwavelength grating (SWG) waveguide. The SWG is introduced to provide an optical waveguide which has much higher birefringence than a regular 340-nm-thick SOI nanowire, so that it is possible to make the phase-matching condition satisfied for TE polarization only in the present design when the waveguide dimensions are optimized. Meanwhile, there is a significant phase mismatching for TM polarization automatically. In this way, the present ADC enables strong polarization selectivity to realize a PBS that separates TE and TM polarizations to the cross and through ports, respectively. The realized PBS has a length of 2  μm for the coupling region. For the fabricated PBS, the extinction ratio (ER) is 15–30 dB and the excess loss is 0.2–2.6 dB for TE polarization while the ER is 20–27 dB and the excess loss is 0.3–2.8 dB for TM polarization when operating in the wavelength range of 1520–1580 nm.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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