We investigate the nonlinear Ramsey interferometry of a bosonic Josephson junction coupled to an optical cavity by applying two identical pumping field pulses separated by a holding field in the time domain. When the holding field is absent, we show that the atomic Ramsey fringes are sensitive to both the cavity-pump detuning and the initial state, and their periods can encode the information on both the atom-field coupling and the atom-atom interaction. For a weak holding field, we find that the fringes characterized by the oscillation of the intra-cavity photon number can completely reflect the frequency information of the atomic interference due to the weak atom-cavity coupling. This finding allows a nondestructive observation of the atomic Ramsey fringes via the cavity transmission spectra.
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