Abstract

We present a novel approach for temporal contrast enhancement of energetic laser pulses by filtered self-phase-modulation-broadened spectra. A measured temporal contrast enhancement by at least seven orders of magnitude in a simple setup has been achieved. This technique is applicable to a wide range of laser parameters and poses a highly efficient alternative to existing contrast-enhancement methods.

© 2017 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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[Crossref]

Chambaret, J.-P.

Cheng, Z.

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[Crossref]

Chériaux, G.

Cormier, E.

d’Oliveira, P.

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[Crossref]

De Silvestri, S.

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[Crossref]

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Gaida, C.

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[Crossref]

Georges, P.

Gottschall, T.

Guichard, L.

Hädrich, S.

Hamoniaux, G.

Hanna, M.

Homoelle, D.

Jauregui, C.

Jocher, C.

Jojart, P.

Jullien, A.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Khazanov, E.

P. Lassonde, S. Mironov, S. Fourmaux, S. Payeur, E. Khazanov, A. Sergeev, J.-C. Kieffer, and G. Mourou, Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kieffer, J.-C.

P. Lassonde, S. Mironov, S. Fourmaux, S. Payeur, E. Khazanov, A. Sergeev, J.-C. Kieffer, and G. Mourou, Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075401 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Klas, R.

Klenke, A.

Krausz, F.

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[Crossref]

Lassonde, P.

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[Crossref]

Levy, A.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and P. Martin, Nat. Phys. 3, 424 (2007).
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Marjoribanks, R.

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Minkovski, N.

Mironov, S.

P. Lassonde, S. Mironov, S. Fourmaux, S. Payeur, E. Khazanov, A. Sergeev, J.-C. Kieffer, and G. Mourou, Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Monot, P.

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[Crossref]

Mourou, G.

P. Lassonde, S. Mironov, S. Fourmaux, S. Payeur, E. Khazanov, A. Sergeev, J.-C. Kieffer, and G. Mourou, Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075401 (2016).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

Müller, M.

Murnane, M. M.

Nisoli, M.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414 (1998).
[Crossref]

Osvay, K.

Payeur, S.

P. Lassonde, S. Mironov, S. Fourmaux, S. Payeur, E. Khazanov, A. Sergeev, J.-C. Kieffer, and G. Mourou, Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Plotner, M.

Quéré, F.

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[Crossref]

Réau, F.

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

Shestaev, E.

Spielmann, C.

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[Crossref]

Stagira, S.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414 (1998).
[Crossref]

Stutzki, F.

Svelto, O.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414 (1998).
[Crossref]

Szoke, A.

Tempea, G.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414 (1998).
[Crossref]

Thaury, C.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and P. Martin, Nat. Phys. 3, 424 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

Varallyay, Z.

Yanovsky, V.

Zaouter, Y.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

P. Lassonde, S. Mironov, S. Fourmaux, S. Payeur, E. Khazanov, A. Sergeev, J.-C. Kieffer, and G. Mourou, Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and P. Martin, Nat. Phys. 3, 424 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (8)

Other (1)

Fiberdesk, http://www.fiberdesk.com .

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Simulation of the SPM-based contrast-enhancement technique. For the simulation, a Gaussian spectrum with sinusoidal modulations was used. The shaded area in the input spectrum indicates the spectral hardcut of the compressor. As one can see in the first row, the modulated Gaussian spectrum generates a short pulse with strong prepulses and postpulses in the time domain. Due to self-phase modulation, the spectrum broadens while the pulse shape and contrast remain unchanged. By applying a super-Gaussian filter of the order of eight, only one sidelobe of the spectrum remains, which corresponds to a very short pulse with strongly improved contrast.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Experimental setup used for the contrast enhancement. The light coming from the ultrafast fiber CPA system is coupled into a hollow-core fiber filled with argon. Afterwards, it is spectrally filtered by two dielectric filters.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Spectra of the incident, the SPM broadened, and the filtered pulses. It is clearly visible that the incident light from the Yb:FCPA system and the filtered light have no spectral overlap.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Contrast measurement of the Yb:FCPA and the filtered pulses. The filtered pulses have a temporal contrast of at least 10 9 , and the postpulses originate from internal reflections in the filters and can be avoided by using wedged filters.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Auto-correlation measurement of the pulses directly from the Yb:FCPA system and after the SPM broadening and spectral filtering. The input pulses have a duration of 290 fs and are shortened to 177 fs by the filter.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Auto-correlation measurement of the filtered and compressed pulses. The pulse duration after a compressor with a GDD of 4200    fs 2 is 95 fs.

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