Abstract

We predict that long wavelength self-trapped multi-terawatt pulses can be sustained over multiple kilometers in the atmosphere. Unlike filaments, these pulses exhibit low loss propagation and retain most of their launch power at range. A novel mechanism involving an aggregation of weakly linear and nonlinear cumulative optical responses is shown to be responsible and is dominated by an ultrafast dynamical lensing resulting from a field intensity driven many-body Coulomb mediated free electron polarization associated with spatially separated species in the gas. An initial few picosecond pulse can compress down to 140 fs over multiple kilometers.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Pulse chirping and ionization of O2 molecules for the filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in air

Rachel Nuter and Luc Bergé
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(5) 874-884 (2006)

Arrest of self-focusing collapse in femtosecond air filaments: higher order Kerr or plasma defocusing?

Olga Kosareva, Jean-Francois Daigle, Nikolay Panov, Tiejun Wang, Sima Hosseini, Shuai Yuan, Gilles Roy, Vladimir Makarov, and See Leang Chin
Opt. Lett. 36(7) 1035-1037 (2011)

Long-range multifilamentation of femtosecond laser pulses versus air pressure

Stéphanie Champeaux and Luc Bergé
Opt. Lett. 31(9) 1301-1303 (2006)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Supplementary Material (2)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       Visualization of the evolution of the on-axis electric field vs. z.
» Visualization 2       Visualization of the evolution of the spatio-temporal intensity vs. z.

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (2)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (1)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription