Abstract

We demonstrate an asymmetric dual-loop feedback method to suppress external cavity side-modes induced in self-mode-locked quantum-dash lasers with conventional single- and dual-loop feedback. In this Letter, we report optimal suppression of spurious tones by optimizing the delay in the second loop. We observed that asymmetric dual-loop feedback, with large (8×) disparity in loop lengths, gives significant suppression in external-cavity side-modes and produces flat radio frequency (RF) spectra close to the main peak with a low timing jitter, compared to single-loop feedback. Significant reduction in RF linewidth and timing jitter was produced by optimizing the delay time in the second feedback loop. Experimental results based on this feedback configuration validate predictions of recently published numerical simulations. This asymmetric dual-loop feedback scheme provides simple, efficient, and cost-effective stabilization of optoelectronic oscillators based on mode-locked lasers.

© 2017 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2017 (1)

2016 (2)

2015 (1)

2013 (2)

D. Arsenijević, M. Kleinert, and D. Bimberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 231101 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Sooudi, C. D. Dios, J. G. McInerney, G. Huyet, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101208 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

E. Sooudi, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1544 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

C.-Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 051118 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

K. Merghem, R. Rosales, S. Azouigui, A. Akrout, A. Martinez, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131111 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, R. Kudo, K. Ishihara, and Y. Takatori, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 3705 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

C. J. Misas, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 3110 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Kèfèlian, S. O’Donoghue, M. T. Todaro, J. G. McInerney, and G. Huyet, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1405 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. V. Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111 (2007).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

1996 (1)

1993 (1)

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[Crossref]

Accard, A.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. V. Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Akbar, J.

Akrout, A.

K. Merghem, R. Rosales, S. Azouigui, A. Akrout, A. Martinez, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Arnold, J. M.

Arsenijevic, D.

D. Arsenijević, M. Kleinert, and D. Bimberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 231101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Asghar, H.

Aubin, G.

K. Merghem, R. Rosales, S. Azouigui, A. Akrout, A. Martinez, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Azouigui, S.

K. Merghem, R. Rosales, S. Azouigui, A. Akrout, A. Martinez, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bimberg, D.

D. Arsenijević, M. Kleinert, and D. Bimberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 231101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brenot, R.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. V. Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Breuer, S.

Cao, Y.

Cheng, Y.

Dagens, B.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. V. Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Derouin, E.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. V. Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dijk, F. V.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. V. Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dios, C. D.

E. Sooudi, C. D. Dios, J. G. McInerney, G. Huyet, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101208 (2013).
[Crossref]

Drisse, O.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. V. Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Drzewietzki, L.

Duan, G.-H.

K. Merghem, R. Rosales, S. Azouigui, A. Akrout, A. Martinez, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131111 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. V. Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fukushima, S.

Grillot, F.

C.-Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 051118 (2010).
[Crossref]

Haji, M.

Hegarty, S. P.

E. Sooudi, C. D. Dios, J. G. McInerney, G. Huyet, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101208 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Sooudi, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1544 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hou, L.

Hu, X.

Huyet, G.

E. Sooudi, C. D. Dios, J. G. McInerney, G. Huyet, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101208 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Sooudi, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1544 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Kèfèlian, S. O’Donoghue, M. T. Todaro, J. G. McInerney, and G. Huyet, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ironside, C. N.

Ishihara, K.

Jaurigue, L.

Kèfèlian, F.

F. Kèfèlian, S. O’Donoghue, M. T. Todaro, J. G. McInerney, and G. Huyet, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kelly, A. E.

Kleinert, M.

D. Arsenijević, M. Kleinert, and D. Bimberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 231101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, T.

Kudo, R.

Kumar, P.

Landreau, J.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. V. Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lau, K. Y.

O. Solgaard and K. Y. Lau, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1264 (1993).
[Crossref]

Le Gouezigou, O.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. V. Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lelarge, F.

E. Sooudi, C. D. Dios, J. G. McInerney, G. Huyet, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101208 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Sooudi, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1544 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Merghem, R. Rosales, S. Azouigui, A. Akrout, A. Martinez, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131111 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. V. Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lester, L. F.

C.-Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 051118 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

Li, Y.

C.-Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 051118 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lim, P. H.

Lin, C.-Y.

C.-Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 051118 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liow, T.-Y.

Lo, G.-Q.

Lüdge, K.

Luo, X.

Make, D.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. V. Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Maleki, L.

Marsh, J. H.

Martinez, A.

E. Sooudi, C. D. Dios, J. G. McInerney, G. Huyet, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101208 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Sooudi, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1544 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Merghem, R. Rosales, S. Azouigui, A. Akrout, A. Martinez, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Masuda, H.

McInerney, J. G.

H. Asghar, E. Sooudi, P. Kumar, W. Wei, and J. G. McInerney, Opt. Express 25, 15796 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Sooudi, C. D. Dios, J. G. McInerney, G. Huyet, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101208 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Sooudi, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1544 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Kèfèlian, S. O’Donoghue, M. T. Todaro, J. G. McInerney, and G. Huyet, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Merghem, K.

E. Sooudi, C. D. Dios, J. G. McInerney, G. Huyet, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101208 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Sooudi, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1544 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Merghem, R. Rosales, S. Azouigui, A. Akrout, A. Martinez, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Misas, C. J.

Miyamoto, Y.

Muramoto, Y.

Naderi, N. A.

C.-Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 051118 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nikiforov, O.

O’Donoghue, S.

F. Kèfèlian, S. O’Donoghue, M. T. Todaro, J. G. McInerney, and G. Huyet, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Petropoulos, P.

Poingt, F.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. V. Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pommereau, F.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. V. Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Provost, J.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. V. Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ramdane, A.

E. Sooudi, C. D. Dios, J. G. McInerney, G. Huyet, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101208 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Sooudi, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1544 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Merghem, R. Rosales, S. Azouigui, A. Akrout, A. Martinez, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Renaudier, J.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. V. Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Rosales, R.

E. Sooudi, C. D. Dios, J. G. McInerney, G. Huyet, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101208 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Sooudi, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1544 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Merghem, R. Rosales, S. Azouigui, A. Akrout, A. Martinez, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rousseau, B.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. V. Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sano, A.

Schöll, E.

L. Jaurigue, E. Schöll, and K. Lüdge, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 154101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Seeds, A. J.

Silva, C. F. C.

Solgaard, O.

O. Solgaard and K. Y. Lau, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1264 (1993).
[Crossref]

Song, J.

Sooudi, E.

H. Asghar, E. Sooudi, P. Kumar, W. Wei, and J. G. McInerney, Opt. Express 25, 15796 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Sooudi, C. D. Dios, J. G. McInerney, G. Huyet, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101208 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Sooudi, G. Huyet, J. G. McInerney, F. Lelarge, K. Merghem, R. Rosales, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and S. P. Hegarty, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1544 (2011).
[Crossref]

Takatori, Y.

Todaro, M. T.

F. Kèfèlian, S. O’Donoghue, M. T. Todaro, J. G. McInerney, and G. Huyet, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q. J.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic of the experimental arrangement for single- (excluding dashed portion) and dual-loop configurations (with dashed portion). SOA, semiconductor optical amplifier; ISO, optical isolator; PD, photodiode; ODL, optical delay line; Att, optical attenuator; PC, polarization controller; ESA, electrical spectrum analyzer; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer; PM, power meter; QDash MLL, quantum-dash mode-locked laser.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. RF Spectra of single-loop feedback of a length of 160 m (gray line) and dual-loops having lengths of 160 m for loop-I and 80 m for loop-II (red line) using a frequency span of (a) 10 and (b) 100 MHz.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. RF Spectra of single-loop feedback with a length of 160 m (gray line) and dual-loops having lengths of 160 m for loop-I and 53 m for loop-II (red line) using a frequency span of (a) 10 and (b) 100 MHz.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. RF Spectra of single-loop feedback with a length 160 m (gray line) and dual-loops having lengths of 160 m for loop-I and 20 m for loop-II (red line) using a frequency span of (a) 10 and (b) 100 MHz.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. SSB phase noise trace of free-running, single-loop feedback and dual-loop feedback configurations with loop - I = 160    m and loop-II 20, 53, and 80 m.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. RF spectra for free-running, single- and dual-loop feedback with loop-I = 160 m and loop-II 20 m (red line), 53 m (black line) and 80 m (blue line); inset shows RF linewidth (blue triangles) and integrated timing jitter (black circles) for dual-loop feedback with loop-I = 160 m and loop-II 20, 53, and 80 m.

Equations (1)

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σ RMS = 1 2 π f M L 2 f d f u L ( f ) d f ,

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