Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a silicon-based spot size converter (SSC), composed of two identical tapered channel waveguides and a Y-junction. The SSC is designed for first-order mode fiber-to-chip coupling on the basis of mode petal separation and the recombination method. Compared with a traditional on-chip SSC, this method is superior with reduced coupling loss when dealing with a higher-order mode. To the best of our knowledge, we present the first experimental observations of a higher-order SSC which is fully compatible with a standard fabrication process. Average coupling losses of 3 and 5.5 dB are predicted by simulation and demonstrated experimentally. A fully covered 3 dB bandwidth over a 1515–1585 nm wavelength range is experimentally observed.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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