Abstract

A new record for high-finesse silica waveguide ring resonators (WRRs), to the best of our knowledge, is demonstrated experimentally. The achieved finesse and resonant depths of the silica WRR with a length of 7.9 cm and a diameter of 2.5 cm are 196.7% and 98%, respectively. In addition, the silica WRR chip is coupled with single-polarization fiber to improve the polarization extinction ratio (PER) and, thus, to reduce the polarization error. With the application of this high-finesse and high-PER WRR to the resonant micro-optic gyroscope (RMOG), a bias stability of 0.004°/s is observed over a 1 h timeframe. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first RMOG reported in the open literature that can sense the earth’s rotation rate (15°/h).

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Lawrence, in Institute of Navigation, National Technical Meeting, San Diego, California, 1990, p. 161.
  2. C. Ciminelli, F. Dell’Olio, C. E. Campanella, and M. N. Armenise, Adv. Opt. Photon. 2, 370 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Ohno, A. Kurokawa, T. Kumagai, S. Nakamura, and K. Hotate, in 18th International Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MA4.
  4. C. Monovoukas, A. Swiecki, and F. Maseeh, Proc. SPIE 3936, 293 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  5. H. Ma, J. Zhang, L. Wang, Y. Lu, D. Ying, and Z. Jin, Opt. Lett. 40, 5862 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  6. C. Ciminelli, F. Dell’Olio, M. N. Armenise, F. M. Soares, and W. Passenberg, Opt. Express 21, 556 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Tien, J. F. Bauters, M. J. R. Heck, D. T. Spencer, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, Opt. Express 19, 13551 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  8. G. Qian, J. Tang, X. Zhang, R. Li, Y. Lu, and T. Zhang, J. Nanomater. 2014, 1 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  9. C. Vannahme, H. Suche, S. Reza, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, in Proceedings of the IEEE (2007), paper WE1.
  10. A. Biberman, M. J. Shaw, E. Timurdogan, J. B. Wright, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 37, 4236 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  11. H. Ma, J. Zhang, L. Wang, and Z. Jin, Opt. Express 23, 15088 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Wang, L. Feng, Q. Wang, H. Jiao, and X. Wang, Opt. Lett. 41, 1586 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  13. R. Adar, M. R. Serbin, and V. Mizrahi, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1369 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  14. H. Ma, J. Zhang, and Z. Jin, Proc. SPIE 9375, 93750X (2015).
    [Crossref]
  15. H. Ma, J. Zhang, L. Wang, and Z. Jin, J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 3546 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  16. H. Ma, Y. Yan, Y. Chen, and Z. Jin, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2372 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  17. T. J. Kaiser, D. Cardarelli, and J. Walsh, Proc. SPIE 1367, 121 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  18. H. Ma, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, and Z. Jin, J. Lightwave Technol. 33, 4176 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  19. M. T. Posner, P. L. Mennea, N. Podoliak, P. Horak, J. C. Gates, and P. G. R. Smith, in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CE_10_5.
  20. C. Ciminelli, F. Dell’Olio, and M. N. Armenise, in Proceedings of the IEEE (2013), p. 1.
  21. H. Ma, S. Wang, and Z. Jin, Opt. Commun. 281, 6016 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  22. R. E. Meyer, S. Ezekiel, D. W. Stowe, and V. J. Tekippe, Opt. Lett. 8, 644 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  23. F. Zarinetchi, “Studies in optical resonator gyroscopes,” Ph.D. dissertation (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1992), p. 190.
  24. H. Ma, Z. Chen, Z. Yang, X. Yu, and Z. Jin, Appl. Opt. 51, 6708 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  25. L. F. Stokes, “Single-mode optical-fiber resonator and applications to sensing,” Ph.D. dissertation (Stanford University, 1984), p. 127.

2017 (1)

2016 (2)

2015 (3)

2014 (1)

G. Qian, J. Tang, X. Zhang, R. Li, Y. Lu, and T. Zhang, J. Nanomater. 2014, 1 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

H. Ma, S. Wang, and Z. Jin, Opt. Commun. 281, 6016 (2008).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

C. Monovoukas, A. Swiecki, and F. Maseeh, Proc. SPIE 3936, 293 (2000).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

R. Adar, M. R. Serbin, and V. Mizrahi, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1369 (1994).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

T. J. Kaiser, D. Cardarelli, and J. Walsh, Proc. SPIE 1367, 121 (1990).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

Adar, R.

R. Adar, M. R. Serbin, and V. Mizrahi, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1369 (1994).
[Crossref]

Armenise, M. N.

Bauters, J. F.

Biberman, A.

Blumenthal, D. J.

Bowers, J. E.

Campanella, C. E.

Cardarelli, D.

T. J. Kaiser, D. Cardarelli, and J. Walsh, Proc. SPIE 1367, 121 (1990).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

H. Ma, Y. Yan, Y. Chen, and Z. Jin, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2372 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

Ciminelli, C.

Dell’Olio, F.

Ezekiel, S.

Feng, L.

Gates, J. C.

M. T. Posner, P. L. Mennea, N. Podoliak, P. Horak, J. C. Gates, and P. G. R. Smith, in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CE_10_5.

Heck, M. J. R.

Horak, P.

M. T. Posner, P. L. Mennea, N. Podoliak, P. Horak, J. C. Gates, and P. G. R. Smith, in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CE_10_5.

Hotate, K.

A. Ohno, A. Kurokawa, T. Kumagai, S. Nakamura, and K. Hotate, in 18th International Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MA4.

Jiao, H.

Jin, Z.

Kaiser, T. J.

T. J. Kaiser, D. Cardarelli, and J. Walsh, Proc. SPIE 1367, 121 (1990).
[Crossref]

Kumagai, T.

A. Ohno, A. Kurokawa, T. Kumagai, S. Nakamura, and K. Hotate, in 18th International Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MA4.

Kurokawa, A.

A. Ohno, A. Kurokawa, T. Kumagai, S. Nakamura, and K. Hotate, in 18th International Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MA4.

Lawrence, A.

A. Lawrence, in Institute of Navigation, National Technical Meeting, San Diego, California, 1990, p. 161.

Li, R.

G. Qian, J. Tang, X. Zhang, R. Li, Y. Lu, and T. Zhang, J. Nanomater. 2014, 1 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.

H. Ma, J. Zhang, L. Wang, Y. Lu, D. Ying, and Z. Jin, Opt. Lett. 40, 5862 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Qian, J. Tang, X. Zhang, R. Li, Y. Lu, and T. Zhang, J. Nanomater. 2014, 1 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ma, H.

Maseeh, F.

C. Monovoukas, A. Swiecki, and F. Maseeh, Proc. SPIE 3936, 293 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mennea, P. L.

M. T. Posner, P. L. Mennea, N. Podoliak, P. Horak, J. C. Gates, and P. G. R. Smith, in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CE_10_5.

Meyer, R. E.

Mizrahi, V.

R. Adar, M. R. Serbin, and V. Mizrahi, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1369 (1994).
[Crossref]

Monovoukas, C.

C. Monovoukas, A. Swiecki, and F. Maseeh, Proc. SPIE 3936, 293 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, S.

A. Ohno, A. Kurokawa, T. Kumagai, S. Nakamura, and K. Hotate, in 18th International Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MA4.

Ohno, A.

A. Ohno, A. Kurokawa, T. Kumagai, S. Nakamura, and K. Hotate, in 18th International Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MA4.

Passenberg, W.

Podoliak, N.

M. T. Posner, P. L. Mennea, N. Podoliak, P. Horak, J. C. Gates, and P. G. R. Smith, in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CE_10_5.

Posner, M. T.

M. T. Posner, P. L. Mennea, N. Podoliak, P. Horak, J. C. Gates, and P. G. R. Smith, in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CE_10_5.

Qian, G.

G. Qian, J. Tang, X. Zhang, R. Li, Y. Lu, and T. Zhang, J. Nanomater. 2014, 1 (2014).
[Crossref]

Quiring, V.

C. Vannahme, H. Suche, S. Reza, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, in Proceedings of the IEEE (2007), paper WE1.

Reza, S.

C. Vannahme, H. Suche, S. Reza, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, in Proceedings of the IEEE (2007), paper WE1.

Ricken, R.

C. Vannahme, H. Suche, S. Reza, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, in Proceedings of the IEEE (2007), paper WE1.

Serbin, M. R.

R. Adar, M. R. Serbin, and V. Mizrahi, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1369 (1994).
[Crossref]

Shaw, M. J.

Smith, P. G. R.

M. T. Posner, P. L. Mennea, N. Podoliak, P. Horak, J. C. Gates, and P. G. R. Smith, in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CE_10_5.

Soares, F. M.

Sohler, W.

C. Vannahme, H. Suche, S. Reza, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, in Proceedings of the IEEE (2007), paper WE1.

Spencer, D. T.

Stokes, L. F.

L. F. Stokes, “Single-mode optical-fiber resonator and applications to sensing,” Ph.D. dissertation (Stanford University, 1984), p. 127.

Stowe, D. W.

Suche, H.

C. Vannahme, H. Suche, S. Reza, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, in Proceedings of the IEEE (2007), paper WE1.

Swiecki, A.

C. Monovoukas, A. Swiecki, and F. Maseeh, Proc. SPIE 3936, 293 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tang, J.

G. Qian, J. Tang, X. Zhang, R. Li, Y. Lu, and T. Zhang, J. Nanomater. 2014, 1 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tekippe, V. J.

Tien, M.

Timurdogan, E.

Vannahme, C.

C. Vannahme, H. Suche, S. Reza, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, in Proceedings of the IEEE (2007), paper WE1.

Walsh, J.

T. J. Kaiser, D. Cardarelli, and J. Walsh, Proc. SPIE 1367, 121 (1990).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Wang, L.

Wang, Q.

Wang, S.

H. Ma, S. Wang, and Z. Jin, Opt. Commun. 281, 6016 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Watts, M. R.

Wright, J. B.

Yan, Y.

H. Ma, Y. Yan, Y. Chen, and Z. Jin, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2372 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Ying, D.

Yu, X.

Zarinetchi, F.

F. Zarinetchi, “Studies in optical resonator gyroscopes,” Ph.D. dissertation (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1992), p. 190.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, T.

G. Qian, J. Tang, X. Zhang, R. Li, Y. Lu, and T. Zhang, J. Nanomater. 2014, 1 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

G. Qian, J. Tang, X. Zhang, R. Li, Y. Lu, and T. Zhang, J. Nanomater. 2014, 1 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

H. Ma, Y. Yan, Y. Chen, and Z. Jin, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2372 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Nanomater. (1)

G. Qian, J. Tang, X. Zhang, R. Li, Y. Lu, and T. Zhang, J. Nanomater. 2014, 1 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. Ma, S. Wang, and Z. Jin, Opt. Commun. 281, 6016 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. SPIE (3)

H. Ma, J. Zhang, and Z. Jin, Proc. SPIE 9375, 93750X (2015).
[Crossref]

T. J. Kaiser, D. Cardarelli, and J. Walsh, Proc. SPIE 1367, 121 (1990).
[Crossref]

C. Monovoukas, A. Swiecki, and F. Maseeh, Proc. SPIE 3936, 293 (2000).
[Crossref]

Other (7)

A. Lawrence, in Institute of Navigation, National Technical Meeting, San Diego, California, 1990, p. 161.

A. Ohno, A. Kurokawa, T. Kumagai, S. Nakamura, and K. Hotate, in 18th International Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MA4.

C. Vannahme, H. Suche, S. Reza, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, in Proceedings of the IEEE (2007), paper WE1.

F. Zarinetchi, “Studies in optical resonator gyroscopes,” Ph.D. dissertation (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1992), p. 190.

M. T. Posner, P. L. Mennea, N. Podoliak, P. Horak, J. C. Gates, and P. G. R. Smith, in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CE_10_5.

C. Ciminelli, F. Dell’Olio, and M. N. Armenise, in Proceedings of the IEEE (2013), p. 1.

L. F. Stokes, “Single-mode optical-fiber resonator and applications to sensing,” Ph.D. dissertation (Stanford University, 1984), p. 127.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Configuration of the SPF-pigtailed silica WRR.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Design of the WRR. (a) Single-mode design of the waveguide core. (b) Optimization design of the coupling coefficient.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured resonant curve of the silica WRR. (a) Two consecutive passbands showing the FSR. (b) Single passband showing the FWHM.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured results of the SPF-pigtailed WRR. (a) Resonant curve. (b) Demodulation curve.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured result of the polarization-induced error.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Sinusoidal rotation responses of the RMOG.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Measurement results of the RMOG. (a) Gyro output of the RMOG (turntable stationary). (b) Allan analysis of the gyro output.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Performance of RMOGs Using PLC WRRs

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δf(T)ϵ(T)2(Γ1(T)Γ2(T))216fd(T)3ϵ(T)Γ1(T)Γ2(T)4fd(T)3,
ΔΩe=Ω(T+ΔT)Ω(T)=Δf(T+ΔT)Δf(T)kSF,